Global Valve and Controls
9Aug/17Off

The truth about the O&G industry Blog

Everyone who works in the O&G industry all want to hear the same thing; that the industry is booming and this is where you want to be. Whether you are out in the field or in the office, working on land or offshore everyone is making money right? According to this article, millennials are a bit scared to work or have anything to do with the industry because their job might be dangerous, dirty or hard. "millennials think that the oil industry is only about making as much money as possible by pumping and selling as much oil as possible", even going as far as saying that the industry is "harming the environment irreparably in the process." The thing that I agree about this article is that it states, those people who think like that, do not look at the whole picture. They do not think about the, "thousands of everyday products are either entirely or partially derived from petroleum and natural gas." As far as going green, not everything can be made in a healthier, better way. For example, heart valves and synthetic fibers believe it or not are here today because of the oil and gas industry. I am pretty sure that one day someone will re invent those items without using oil or natural gas but that day has not come yet.

The number one thing that millennials are looking at when it comes to this industry is how to make it better. Technology is the key.  For example, "technological innovation aimed at enhancing production efficiency and lowering production costs will help make the environment a better place." The goal is to have more technology, simpler processes, and higher productivity because "the oil and gas industry’s road to internal sustainability runs parallel to environmental sustainability." With technology improving there is no doubt in my mind that millennials will think twice about the O&G industry and will want to work in the industry.

 

http://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-General/Dear-Millennials-Big-Oil-Is-Not-Your-Enemy.html

 

 

1Aug/17Off

Underwater pipeline

Do you know what the worlds longest gas pipeline  and how long it is? According to Google, "The Trans-Mediterranean (Transmed) is a 2,475km-long natural gas pipeline built to transport natural gas from Algeria to Italy via Tunisia and Sicily." While it is true, that is the worlds longest pipeline built on land, there is also a pipeline nicknamed Giant Serpent that lies underwater and is the worlds largest underwater gas pipeline. The name Giant Serpent actually comes from Norse mythology and is located on the Norwegian Continental Shelf. The pipeline is owned by ExxonMobil, Stat oil and Royal dutch shell. "The pipeline has a length of 1,166 km (745 miles) and delivers 26 billion cubic meters (900 billion cubic feet) of natural gas to the UK National Transmission System each year."

As you can imagine building the Giant Serpent was not an easy job and thank goodness for todays technology as it would have been impossible. A underwater machine was use to survey the bottom and engineers were able to print out a map to use. One of the challenges when it came to building the immense pipeline is that the sea bed was not flat but instead hilly and there were areas where it would drop down 3-4 miles which made water pressure a significant factor when it came to designing and building the pipeline. Another machine was used to move the seabed and make it more flat so that pipe can be laid down without causing destruction. "With an understanding of the features and hazards, design engineers went to work on plans to allow a 44 inch pipe, with 1" thick walls, to negotiate the terrain while minimizing impact on fisheries and ecosystems." The pipeline was built using 100,000 pipe sections, each coated in asphalt to reduce corrosion and a stability coating of concrete.

The Giant Serpent took 3 years to build starting in 2003 and ending in 2006. Since then, Norway and the UK have benefited tremendously from the natural gas pipeline.

World’s Longest Under Water Gas Pipeline, 1166km “Giant Serpent”

 

 

19Jul/17Off

Is drilling something you would like to do?

The job title Petroleum Engineer is said to rise to 10% in 2020. First off, what exactly do these engineers do? According to Wikipedia, "Petroleum engineering is a field of engineering concerned with the activities related to the production of hydrocarbons, which can be either crude oil or natural gas. Exploration and Production are deemed to fall within the upstream sector of the oil and gas industry."  In simple words, once oil is discovered, a petroleum engineer will determine the best way in removing it using different drill methods and knowing which valves are needed for each machine. There are numerous of different website you can research to find out what exactly you would be doing but it also depends on your employer. Other questions might come up such as what the salary and hours would be. Again, it all depends on who your employer is but according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, "the average annual wage for petroleum engineers was $130,280 in May 2012. Most were employed in oil and gas extraction, where they earned an average of $144,810."

The first step in becoming a petroleum engineer is to go to school and earn a bachelors degree- nothing less. Mr. Soliman, professor and chairman of the petroleum engineering department at the University of Houston told Rigzone that its not just the bachelors degree that a student must have, but a internship in the same field looks very attractive on your resume. Be sure to attend a accredited school as what you are learning is not something learned from a book. You will actually do real life projects, out in the field and have a true understanding of what you must do to become a engineer in the O&G industry, specifically a petroleum engineer. This is because, "considering the current industry climate, employers don’t have a whole lot of time to offer basic training.”

For more tips on how to successfully become a petroleum engineer be sure to read the full article:

http://www.rigzone.com/news/oil_gas/a/151020/Whats_It_Take_to_Land_a_Job_as_a_Petroleum_Engineer

 

 

26Jun/17Off

The Petrochemical industry grows in the billions

We  try to go green as it's the new trend and every one is doing it right? But there are many tiny obstacles that stand in our way, sure using reusable bags is great but what about that shampoo you just bought in a plastic bottle or the water bottle that has the tiny cap? It's okay because the middle class is largely depending on plastics from those baby food pouches filled with fruits or vegetables to the bumper on your car. The petrochemical industry is booming and the results are huge! Just how huge? Think along the lines of $185 billion in upcoming projects alone for the petrochemical industry.

“Dow has completed $8 billion in new and expanded U.S. petrochemical facilities mostly along the Gulf of Mexico over the next year, part of the industry’s largest transformation in a generation.” The demand for transportation fuel is on the rise, even though people are now car pooling more and electric vehicles are an option; There is no shortage as the world’s appetite for plastics is expected to rise for decades to come.

“The new investment will establish the U.S. as a major exporter of plastic and reduce its trade deficit.” About 500,000 jobs will be added in the industry maybe less where automation is involved.  Many of the companies who are investing in Americas products made in the petrochemical industry are foreign. Exxon alone said, “It selected a site near Corpus Christi, Texas, for a $9.3 billion petrochemical complex it is building jointly with Saudi Basic Industries Corp.”

 

Automated Flanged Ball Valves for the Petrochemical industry

https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-shale-revolutions-staggering-impact-in-just-one-word-plastics-1498411792

11Apr/17Off

Life on an oilfield

The biggest reason why life on an oilfield is so attractive is because it pays very well. But what does that really mean? Sure it sounds like fun and payday can be rewarding but lets take a look at what makes life challenging working on one. Sometimes these oil field men will call these places, "Man Camps", as there are literally no women.

First, someone who works in the oilfield spends majority of their time there so many people live in small houses, or have room mates that share the space ideally.  However, many companies can not afford to house their workers in fancy homes. Some have to find their own housing and will stay in a horse trailer, an abandoned container, or even in the back of their pick up truck.  There is no such thing as arriving to work at 8am and leaving by 5pm. Working on the oilfield, means 90 hours plus rain or shine. Sometimes more, maybe less depending on what you are doing. But as every oil field veteran knows, there is a harsh tradeoff, beyond the grueling labor. Some men work hundreds of miles from their families, others live in primitive conditions or face the real risk of being maimed. Its basically a work, eat, sleep routine. When its time to go home, its just sleep time.

But the lure of big checks is still bringing waves of workers. In Dimmit County, population 10,000 before the boom, more than 1,000 oil field jobs were added in 2011. Around the 20 Eagle Ford Shale counties, at least 7,000 jobs have been added in two years.

The average for a truck driver in the oil field is about $25.00. Many non oil companies pay less, so the reward is definitely great for many of these men but sad for the wives and families back home. My wife doesn't like the hours, but she's happy for what I bring home. I expect to make over $100,000 this year. The oil field is a great place. 

A common stereotype that is often heard is that on their off time or break time you can these men siting, smoking or even drinking singing songs. Companies are now far more safety-conscious and less tolerant of misbehavior. Most do background checks, provide training and have zero tolerance for drug use or alcohol abuse. Still, some who have no education or degrees can make up to $160,000.00 per year. You can see how that is truly rewarding among many folks.

http://www.chron.com/business/article/High-paying-oil-field-jobs-come-at-a-price-3465378.php

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5Apr/17Off

Will the Solar Power industry take over the Petrochemical industry?

After oil sky rocketed down around the world, a new technology emerged in Norway which focuses primarily on offshore solar power. When oil started going down in 2014, many engineers lost their jobs and are still looking for work in the O&G industry. The downturn brought, Øyvind Christian Rohn ideas on how to create a new renewable source, even possibly create more jobs than the O&G industry supplies. He created the idea of having offshore solar power technology.  The idea is to have the "technology that will have solar farms that can float on the ocean surface, with their power transmitted back to land. Since physical space is limited in population centres, especially in areas of high growth such as South East Asia, its idea is to use the ocean’s surface around the world."

In Norway, The petrochemical industry is still hierarchy but according to Rohn, "It is becoming the long-term solution for the world because it is abundant energy and costs have gone down rapidly." The solar industry is still very new technology and is currently being used at 1% but the idea is growing very fast. In fact, the municipal county in Oslo is offering households a subsidy of 30% of the investment to install solar panels in their homes.

Cost is not the only thing that many people factor in the challenge is that they have grown up with the idea of having the O&G sector. People have worked in the industry, thus has become part of their culture. The main challenge would be to switch to green energy.

 

https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2017/mar/28/oil-and-gas-norways-fossil-free-energy-renewables-oslo?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter

29Mar/17Off

Fracking in the Permian Basin

Fracking in the Permian Basin

 

The Permian Basin is found in a large part of West Texas as well as Southeast of New Mexico. It was named Permian because it has one of the worlds thickest deposits of rocks Permian geologic period. The Permian Basin is actually composed of three basins which include the Midland Basin, Delaware Basin and the Marfa Basin. Many people do not know but the Permian Basin is the largest petroleum producing basins in America. To get an idea of how large this basin really is, currently, nearly 2 million barrels of oil a day are being pumped from the basin, which still contains an estimated 43 billion barrels of oil and 18 trillion cu ft. of gas.

Companies working in the Permian face two challenges when it comes to water: getting enough water for fracking and getting rid of underground water released by fracking. Water injection is part of the fracking process and currently there are disputes on what needs to be done with the wastewater. Water is beneficial to fracking, by sending a mixture of water, sand and certain additives into a deep-rock formation at high pressure. Soon after the fracturing occurs, water returns to the surface as “flowback” or wastewater. 

What they used to do what inject the water back into the ground, but there are studies that show this has actually been linked to earthquakes. Oklahoma is a prime example, because of this Oklahoma has limited wastewater injections.

Water poses problems for the energy industry in the Permian

 

13Mar/17Off

A world without drilling

Are we ready to stop drilling?

What would happen if all the drilling for oil and gas stopped all over the world? Is that even possible? It is very hard to imagine as we have well over 700,000 oil wells! I found this fascinating as there is already a plan put in place in the UK, called NEST or National Employment Savings Trust, recently announced it was moving 10 percent of its investments toward firms that work to reduce climate change and create more environmentally-friendly methods of energy use. NEST will be focusing more on renewable energy such as solar and wind and less on extracting energy which is a sign of climate change. It sounds a bit dramatic to stop all the drilling all of a sudden but further research shows there might be something that both sides can agree on.

The method is to find a plan which is not as expensive and reduces pollution. Washington State University researchers recently published findings indicating they have found a better method of conducting a significant catalytic reaction frequently used in the oil and gas industries. If it’s widely adopted, the energy savings and reduced pollutants could be impressive. Their method is to place a small amount of carbon within the catalyst that breaks apart the carbon and hydrogen in methane. The increased amount causes the creation of nickel carbide. One of the researchers at WSU also noted that the current process is very wasteful and that converting methane without the burn that produces gas would benefit energy providers and the environment. A win-win for both sides!

It is very hard to tell if the new process will affect the global market and how it will affect as businesses have not yet started using this new method of extracting oil.

To read more information about this new method, please visit this website: http://www.theenergycollective.com/mnichols/2400104/new-research-help-save-oil-gas-money-environment

Valves such as our GVC BV6000 is a an example of a valve that can be used in oil wells for drilling. http://gvcintl.com/products_threaded_and_socket_weld_valves.html

 

 

11Mar/17Off

Pipeline needed in Alaska for billions of oil

The last time I saw an article online about a large oil discovery was not very recent. In fact, the last time that a major oil find was made was actually in 2009 in Venezuela. Recently, there has been a huge onshore oil discovery in Alaska! "Spanish oil company Repsol said Thursday that it discovered 1.2 billion barrels of oil in Alaska." It has been thirty years since there has been a large find such as this. The oil discovery was made near the village of Nuiqsut in North Slope. The oil find in Venezuela was large but this is by far the largest. According to the company who found the oil, production is scheduled to start as late as 2021 and they will be extracting as much as 120,000 barrels of oil per day. The company Repsol partnered with Armstrong Oil is definitely lucky to have found such a large amount of oil, back in 2001, they discovered two other areas in Alaska filled with oil but since sold the areas. The company quoted "Alaska has significant infrastructure which allows new resources to be developed more efficiently."

This news can definitely bring some relief from when the oil prices went down even though they are slowly recovering. For example, last year there was a freeze in the hiring process and all out of state travel was ceased. I am hoping this news will turn things around especially in Alaska. Interesting enough, the company also said they are very surprised a find this large discovery as the oil basin was often called, "an aging basin", also known to be on its last legs.  Alaska Governor Bill Walker said in a statement. "We must all pull together to fill an oil pipeline that's three-quarters empty."

http://www.businessinsider.com/repsol-onshore-oil-discovery-alaska-2017-3

 

15Feb/17Off

Understanding Stainless Steel Ball Valves

Stainless steel ball valves are definitely one of the popular materials that many people buy. They are perfect for the food and beverage industry, agriculture as well as the pulp and paper industries. The reason behind this is because stainless steel does not corrode and when dealing with food which we consume you do not want your machines corroding. White it is true that stainless steel (SS) does not easily corrode or rust, it really depends on the oxygen level in atmosphere. For example, if it is a poor air circulation environment, depending on the grade of the SS valves the valves may or may not corrode. Therefore, it is always important when dealing in such circumstances to get a high grade type of SS valve.

The material stainless steel is not to be confused with carbon steel as carbon steel will rust at one point in its life. The difference between the two metals is the amount of chromium present. Stainless steel’s resistance to corrosion and staining, low maintenance, and familiar lustre make it an ideal material for many applications. The alloy is milled into coils, sheets, plates, bars, wire, and tubing to be used in cookwarecutleryhousehold hardwaresurgical instrumentsmajor appliancesThese are examples of a few items one may be familiar with.

It is very important to know which grade of SS you need for your application as stated above if the grade is low, it will not last or you will have problems later down the road. Therefore, always consult with the manufacturer before buying. Global Valve and Controls can provide you with 316SS, 317SS and 304SS just to name a few. There are many different grades and one may not know that 304 is not to be used in the presence of sulfuric acid.

GVC 4" #300 API 6D Valve, Stainless Steel Flanged Ball Valves

Source: Global Valve and Controls