Global Valve and Controls
1Aug/17Off

Underwater pipeline

Do you know what the worlds longest gas pipeline  and how long it is? According to Google, "The Trans-Mediterranean (Transmed) is a 2,475km-long natural gas pipeline built to transport natural gas from Algeria to Italy via Tunisia and Sicily." While it is true, that is the worlds longest pipeline built on land, there is also a pipeline nicknamed Giant Serpent that lies underwater and is the worlds largest underwater gas pipeline. The name Giant Serpent actually comes from Norse mythology and is located on the Norwegian Continental Shelf. The pipeline is owned by ExxonMobil, Stat oil and Royal dutch shell. "The pipeline has a length of 1,166 km (745 miles) and delivers 26 billion cubic meters (900 billion cubic feet) of natural gas to the UK National Transmission System each year."

As you can imagine building the Giant Serpent was not an easy job and thank goodness for todays technology as it would have been impossible. A underwater machine was use to survey the bottom and engineers were able to print out a map to use. One of the challenges when it came to building the immense pipeline is that the sea bed was not flat but instead hilly and there were areas where it would drop down 3-4 miles which made water pressure a significant factor when it came to designing and building the pipeline. Another machine was used to move the seabed and make it more flat so that pipe can be laid down without causing destruction. "With an understanding of the features and hazards, design engineers went to work on plans to allow a 44 inch pipe, with 1" thick walls, to negotiate the terrain while minimizing impact on fisheries and ecosystems." The pipeline was built using 100,000 pipe sections, each coated in asphalt to reduce corrosion and a stability coating of concrete.

The Giant Serpent took 3 years to build starting in 2003 and ending in 2006. Since then, Norway and the UK have benefited tremendously from the natural gas pipeline.

World’s Longest Under Water Gas Pipeline, 1166km “Giant Serpent”

 

 

24Jul/17Off

Natural gas and Crude oil

Natural gas has grown far more popular than regular gas because it is said to be more cleaner and greener. But is it really better? Did you know that methane is the main chemical in natural gas and its potency is far greater than that of CO2 which is found in regular gas. Methane also makes up 25% of todays global warming. Although regular gas stations are found throughout the country, stations that contain natural gas are only just popping up. Most of the vehicles today the we drive  only use regular gas as natural gas is still a very new commodity. There are vehicles such as city trucks (trash and recycling buses) that are currently using natural gas instead of oil. It is also interesting to read that even though natural gas is the best option between the two gases because it is better for the environment, it is also the less expensive one.

A positive outlook on crude oil "is a relatively efficient international market, in which the product moves around the globe in tankers that can be diverted from one destination to another almost instantaneously in response to shifts in demand." On the other hand, natural gas is not global. Meaning, There is a limited trade in liquefied natural gas (LNG), which can be transported in tankers, but mostly natural gas must move in pipelines over land.

More efforts are being made to use natural gas  than oil, for example, In the state of Alaska there is a plan to build a pipeline that would take natural gas from the North Slope to an Alaskan port, where it could be liquefied and shipped to Asia. It is a slow start but more and more pipelines will be built to transfer natural gas.

Natural gas trunnion ball valves, double block and bleed valves in service for a compressor station

https://www.forbes.com/sites/kensilverstein/2017/07/20/investors-squeezing-oil-gas-developers-to-cut-methane/#2442774a4be1

http://gvcintl.com/about_gvc.html

 

10Jul/17Off

Robots will be used in pipeline inspections

I've blogged about it before but now its official, robots are finally coming to aid in the pipeline inspections. There are currently 4 robots that were produced by a Russia based company, Diakont, which says that its pipeline crawlers—Remotely Operated Diagnostic Inspection System or RODIS crawlers—supply highly accurate data and they do it in real time, which helps with timely decision-making. Interestingly, 3 of the 4 robots have girl names and the 4th a boy name, as it is said the girl robots are more flexible and are able to "crawl" under the pipeline, whereas the boy can not. Besides cleaning and inspecting the pipelines to make sure everything is working correctly, these robots are able to go inside and inspect from within. Even going as far as inspecting the valves such as our Api 6D Trunnion Ball Valves are properly attached and there is no damage. The first pipeline to use the 4 robots will be the 40-year branch of the Trans-Alaska pipeline system at the Valdez terminal. The robots can examine up to 1,800 feet of pipes with diameters ranging between 8 and 55 inches.

The company, Diakont says, This is not the first-time robots will be used for internal pipeline inspection, replacing the so-called smart pigs, or pipeline inspection gauges, that rely on magnetic sensors to detect corrosion and cracks. The robots named, Gary, Fiona, Dee and Alice are supplied with a clean pipe,  flushed with hot water and detergent.

The future for these robots look very bright as they can be used in all kinds of pipelines including offshore and natural gas as well as underground and under water as these types of jobs are very dangerous.

API 6D Trunnion Ball Valves, Full Port F316 Body and Trim ANSI 900 shipping out to a customer. These Double Block and Bleed Valves can be found in a Pipeline.

http://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-General/Oil-Pipelines-To-Be-Inspected-By-Robots.html

29May/17Off

Working in the oil and gas industry

While its true the oil industry has its ups and downs it is also true that working in the oil and gas industry has its perks no matter what role you partake in. The world of oil and gas is all about tapping into the world’s resources, and there will always be a need for people to do this, whether it’s for sustainable energy or using the current methods. Technology is constantly expanding, so you’ll always be learning new things.

Working in the O&G industry is not all about lifting heavy machines, knowing how to use different types of machinery or even digging holes in the ground, well yes there are those types of jobs but if you are 8-5 Monday through Friday type of person, then there are tons of office jobs that will suit your needs. And those who are more interested in mixing chemicals and seeing their reactions, there are also lab jobs.

The O&G industry must always be on top of their game when it comes to technology so if you have those awesome computer skills jobs are always opening up in your field. With todays hacks it is very crucial for a company to stay on top of technology. For example, a pipeline company that has a pipeline that transports oil from one Point A to Point B  gets compromised, then its bad news for everyone not just the pipeline company.

Although tons of jobs require you to have a 3 year or more degree there are also tons of jobs that are looking for a person they can teach and grow within the company. For example, many on site jobs do not require a degree but someone with a willingness to learn.

Demand for oil is all over the globe, so there is always the job that requires a applicant to travel which could be a very interesting perk. Many employers provide excellent training for their staff because they want to keep their talent. A lot of employers will also offer other perks such as bonus schemes, good pension plans, private healthcare and dental care, childcare support and more. A good point to remember is that when you first start off you don’t have to go straight to the biggest company.  You can work your way up through smaller companies so you can gain the best experience possible. As the oil and gas sector starts to develop even more, these smaller companies will grow with the sector and be extremely valuable places to work.

Working with machinery dealing with various valves does take special skill and knowledge

https://engineering-jobs.theiet.org/article/8-reasons-why-you-should-work-in-the-oil-and-gas-sector/

5Apr/17Off

Will the Solar Power industry take over the Petrochemical industry?

After oil sky rocketed down around the world, a new technology emerged in Norway which focuses primarily on offshore solar power. When oil started going down in 2014, many engineers lost their jobs and are still looking for work in the O&G industry. The downturn brought, Øyvind Christian Rohn ideas on how to create a new renewable source, even possibly create more jobs than the O&G industry supplies. He created the idea of having offshore solar power technology.  The idea is to have the "technology that will have solar farms that can float on the ocean surface, with their power transmitted back to land. Since physical space is limited in population centres, especially in areas of high growth such as South East Asia, its idea is to use the ocean’s surface around the world."

In Norway, The petrochemical industry is still hierarchy but according to Rohn, "It is becoming the long-term solution for the world because it is abundant energy and costs have gone down rapidly." The solar industry is still very new technology and is currently being used at 1% but the idea is growing very fast. In fact, the municipal county in Oslo is offering households a subsidy of 30% of the investment to install solar panels in their homes.

Cost is not the only thing that many people factor in the challenge is that they have grown up with the idea of having the O&G sector. People have worked in the industry, thus has become part of their culture. The main challenge would be to switch to green energy.

 

https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2017/mar/28/oil-and-gas-norways-fossil-free-energy-renewables-oslo?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter

13Mar/17Off

A world without drilling

Are we ready to stop drilling?

What would happen if all the drilling for oil and gas stopped all over the world? Is that even possible? It is very hard to imagine as we have well over 700,000 oil wells! I found this fascinating as there is already a plan put in place in the UK, called NEST or National Employment Savings Trust, recently announced it was moving 10 percent of its investments toward firms that work to reduce climate change and create more environmentally-friendly methods of energy use. NEST will be focusing more on renewable energy such as solar and wind and less on extracting energy which is a sign of climate change. It sounds a bit dramatic to stop all the drilling all of a sudden but further research shows there might be something that both sides can agree on.

The method is to find a plan which is not as expensive and reduces pollution. Washington State University researchers recently published findings indicating they have found a better method of conducting a significant catalytic reaction frequently used in the oil and gas industries. If it’s widely adopted, the energy savings and reduced pollutants could be impressive. Their method is to place a small amount of carbon within the catalyst that breaks apart the carbon and hydrogen in methane. The increased amount causes the creation of nickel carbide. One of the researchers at WSU also noted that the current process is very wasteful and that converting methane without the burn that produces gas would benefit energy providers and the environment. A win-win for both sides!

It is very hard to tell if the new process will affect the global market and how it will affect as businesses have not yet started using this new method of extracting oil.

To read more information about this new method, please visit this website: http://www.theenergycollective.com/mnichols/2400104/new-research-help-save-oil-gas-money-environment

Valves such as our GVC BV6000 is a an example of a valve that can be used in oil wells for drilling. http://gvcintl.com/products_threaded_and_socket_weld_valves.html

 

 

13Feb/17Off

Aberdeens first oil and gas technology center opens up

Great news for Scotland, as a new technology center will open up in Aberdeen. The area has been long over due for a new facility as there is untapped oil in the North sea. "The research and development hub will help create new technology for the North Sea and back innovative projects." the centers first task will be to cut the cost of drilling wells to at least half as well as the maintenance that comes along with it. It will also find a way to drill where oil is available and has been untouched. It is estimated that about 20 billion barrels of oil and gas can be taken from the North sea. This will also boost the economy as it once the center opens up, they will be hiring hundreds of employees.  The technology center will focus on making the UK continental shelf more economical and support the decommissioning center as in the past companies would just abandon the active wells.

 

https://stv.tv/news/north/1380369-new-180m-oil-and-gas-technology-centre-opens-in-aberdeen/

23Jan/17Off

IT makes a difference in our industry

It doesn’t matter if you are working with pipelines, rigs, valves or the person sitting behind the desk doing all the paperwork. The backbone of the company, the industry, that makes the company run is the IT people sitting behind the desk (some in the field), making everything work. IT in the industry has always been a big part of the company, but now than ever their work is more recognizable. Industries now consider, “digitalization as a way for companies, large and small, to work smarter and do more with less.” Few examples are;

More oil and gas industries are now all using the slogan, “Work smarter with less,” especially ever since the downturn of oil, companies had to look for new ways to grow their business without hurting. Many upstream companies are using smart sensor technology which collects larger amounts of data.

“The unpredictability of the market has meant that industry has reduced spending on large-scale maintenance and the modification of assets the longer a company delays asset maintenance, the more potentially hazardous it becomes from a safety, environmental and operational standpoint.” The IT crew jumps in to implement quickly which means there is quicker time to value especially the big projects.

New technology to extract resources. When all the layoffs began, it was hard for a company to continue working on the big projects, as they could not afford to lose people, but also could not afford to pay anyone. IT has created new technology that allows companies to have less people although continuing to work. This is where the slogan, “work smarter with less,” comes in.

2017 is presenting oil and gas companies with new challenges as the industry moves further into uncharted waters. Organizations must balance budget cuts and reduced headcounts with increasing pressure to realize value faster than ever before, and exploit new opportunities.” This is where the IT people are making a difference in the world.

GVCINTL 16" ANSI 2500 Automated the IT has a strong influence in automation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.energyvoice.com/opinion/128176/opinion-four-trends-fuelling-oil-gas-industry-2017/

16Jan/17Off

Is offshore drilling good or bad?

Oil drilling has been criticized from the very beginning. Talk of how it is bad for the environment and the health of nearby towns is ongoing. We keep reading all the negative sides, but the positive information is never published. There is talk of offshore drilling, but it is very controversial and no one can decide if it’s bad or good. What is the difference between offshore and onshore drilling? Offshore drilling happens thousands of feet underwater, with that said you can pretty much figure out what onshore drilling consists of.

What is the negative side of offshore drilling? “Whenever oil is recovered from the ocean floor, other chemicals and toxic substances come up too -- things like mercury, lead and arsenic that are often released back into the ocean. In addition, seismic waves used to locate oil can harm sea mammals and disorient whales.” However, did you know that technology has made this process safer than what it used to be? From 1975 to today, offshore drilling has had a 99.999% safety record.

“Believe it or not, more oil actually spills into U.S. waters from natural sources and municipal and industrial waste than it does than from offshore oil and gas drilling.”

On a positive note, since we have started drilling offshore, we are less dependable on other countries such as the Middle east to provide oil and petroleum for the rest of the country. This stabilizes our economy more than ever. Another good thing about offshore drilling is that it created hundreds of jobs for those who do not have any. Especially when oil prices hit a low and thousands were laid off, this is a big deal. Offshore drilling plays a big part in the turnaround in our economy.

GVCINTL API 6D Valves ready to go!

 

http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/energy/offshore-drilling-controversy2.htm

15Jan/17Off

The expansion of pipelines

The year 2016 was a very busy year for those who work in the pipeline business. There were at least 14 new pipeline projects in 24 different states. “Encouraged by the Obama administration’s shelving of the Keystone XL Pipeline and its revoked authorization for construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline on federal lands, activists are now eyeing new battles”. If passed, the projects together will total almost 2.5 million miles of pipelines in the U.S alone. People who are for the pipeline projects argue that not only will the pipelines will provide thousands of jobs, but as a whole are safer for oil transport than rail or truck. Those who oppose the pipeline projects say that, “while pipelines are, statistically, far safer than trucks or trains, those that fail the consequences can be catastrophic.”

One project located in Pennsylvania, the Marcellus Shale will expand the pipeline currently existing creating roughly 2500 new jobs. “The Marcellus provides more than 36% of the shale gas produced in the U.S.”

While the Obama administration has put a stop to the Dakota Access Pipeline, it has permitted two pipelines linking the Permian Basin in Texas with customers in Mexico.”  With so many ongoing pipeline projects, could there be a overflow of pipelines?

GVCINTL API 6D Valves in ground

http://www.ecowatch.com/fracking-pipeline-projects-2011302077.html