Global Valve and Controls
15Apr/17Off

Will the Trans Alaskan pipeline survive?

The Trans Alaskan pipeline is one of the largest pipeline systems in the world. It is 800 miles long and starts on the North slope of Prudhoe Bay and ends in Valdez. Abbreviated "TAPS", The Trans Alaskan Pipeline System opened up in 1977 and since has had oil flow through. Although, the pipeline was built to out last the most extreme cold conditions that Alaska brings, no one for saw that once oil slows down there would be problems. The line now moves a quarter of the volume it carried at its peak. And as the flows slow, the risks are rising.

Just how much less has the Trans Alaskan Pipeline System been producing? Alaska’s output was 565,000 barrels a day last month, down from a peak of more than 2 million in 1988, according to state data. This doesn't mean that Alaska hasn't had any new oil discoveries since the pipeline was put in, simply it is more expensive to drill in the region because of weather conditions in comparison to the lower 48 states where it is much cheaper such as West Texas.

Why is "slow oil", necessarily a bad thing? Lower volumes mean crude travels more slowly through the pipeline, losing heat along the way. And at low temperatures, crude behaves badly. Ice crystals form that can damage pumping equipment. 

What is being done to keep it flowing? Alyeska heats oil at Pump Station One to 100 degrees Fahrenheit, with a goal of keeping it above 37 degrees by the time it reaches the export terminal at Valdez, Alaska. 

The joint partnership between the three, BP, Exxon and ConocoPhilips have spent around $200 million upgrading the equipment around the pumps at station one. Every four days, a device known as a pig, a sort of industrial Q-Tip, is sent hurtling through the 48-inch-wide pipeline to scrub out debris. This process is not as cheap as it might sound, as yes it does help the oil from freezing but it also comes at a higher transportation cost. The big three oil giants have also been experimenting by using other techniques to keep the oil moving at a maximum speed. For example, injecting water into the ground ( similar to fracking) to speed up the oil process but how much longer can that go on?

Cryogenic valves for NEGATIVE 380 F

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-04-10/pipeline-built-to-survive-extremes-can-t-bear-slow-flow-of-oil

 

 

 

23Jan/17Off

IT makes a difference in our industry

It doesn’t matter if you are working with pipelines, rigs, valves or the person sitting behind the desk doing all the paperwork. The backbone of the company, the industry, that makes the company run is the IT people sitting behind the desk (some in the field), making everything work. IT in the industry has always been a big part of the company, but now than ever their work is more recognizable. Industries now consider, “digitalization as a way for companies, large and small, to work smarter and do more with less.” Few examples are;

More oil and gas industries are now all using the slogan, “Work smarter with less,” especially ever since the downturn of oil, companies had to look for new ways to grow their business without hurting. Many upstream companies are using smart sensor technology which collects larger amounts of data.

“The unpredictability of the market has meant that industry has reduced spending on large-scale maintenance and the modification of assets the longer a company delays asset maintenance, the more potentially hazardous it becomes from a safety, environmental and operational standpoint.” The IT crew jumps in to implement quickly which means there is quicker time to value especially the big projects.

New technology to extract resources. When all the layoffs began, it was hard for a company to continue working on the big projects, as they could not afford to lose people, but also could not afford to pay anyone. IT has created new technology that allows companies to have less people although continuing to work. This is where the slogan, “work smarter with less,” comes in.

2017 is presenting oil and gas companies with new challenges as the industry moves further into uncharted waters. Organizations must balance budget cuts and reduced headcounts with increasing pressure to realize value faster than ever before, and exploit new opportunities.” This is where the IT people are making a difference in the world.

GVCINTL 16" ANSI 2500 Automated the IT has a strong influence in automation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.energyvoice.com/opinion/128176/opinion-four-trends-fuelling-oil-gas-industry-2017/

19Dec/16Off

Can we live without Natural gas?

Can you imagine a world without natural gas? Natural gas is used in many things that we surround ourselves in, I can’t imagine living without it, can you? First, how is natural gas created and where is it found? According to scientists, natural gas is a product of decomposed organisms found under layers and layers of mud. “The US is the world’s number one producer of natural gas, but many Americans still don’t know much about his cleaner-burning fossil fuel.” Although the US creates most of it as a whole, specifically, Texas, Oklahoma and Pennsylvania are the top three producers of the gas. You can also thank Russia and Iran as they are just behind the US.  Every day you are burning natural gas. Electric cars, public transportation, electricity are all good examples of what we use natural gas for. “High tech advances such as seismic imaging and hydraulic fracturing have boosted U.S. production by 60%”

As you can see, living in a world without natural gas would be difficult. It is one of the cleaner burning fossil fuels and we use it in our everyday lives. From driving, cooking, and enjoying the benefits of electricity, it is all around us.

 

Pipeline Ball Valves( GVC)

http://paidpost.nytimes.com/chevron/what-do-you-really-know-about-natural-gas.html#utm_source=twitter&utm_campaign=chevron

16Sep/16Off

Dakota Access Pipeline

There is a new pipeline in the works, led by Energy Transfer, The Dakota Access pipeline is a pipeline that is almost 1200 miles which will connect the Bakken shale and The Three Forks production area. This pipeline will carry crude oil safely from North Dakota to Illinois. Currently, this process is done by rail and sometimes truck, which will indefinitely replace. The Dakota Access pipeline will be built to carry 470,000 barrels per day. “Which represents approximately half pf the Bakken current daily crude oil production. Depending on approvals, the pipeline is projected to be in service by the fourth quarter this year.”

While many companies are excited for the pipeline to start construction as it will create thousands of jobs from heavy lifting, to pipefitters, and beyond, as well as millions in revenue, the locals and environmentalists are not too happy to hear about a pipeline being built. Their main concern is the possibility of contamination in the water. As with many pipeline projects, there is always a risk.  

The majority of the pipeline materials have been purchased, manufactured and assembled in the U.S. This will contribute an estimated $1 billion in direct spending to the U.S. economy. This includes manufacturing of the steel pipes, fittings, valves, pumps and control devices.” Read more about the Dakota Access pipeline here:

http://www.constructionequipmentguide.com/massive-1170-mi-dakota-access-pipeline-under-way/30457

1Oct/150

ExxonMobils Torrance plant SOLD!

ExxonMobil Corp. is selling its Torrance plant in Southern California. The plant is set on 750 acres and produces almost 2 billion gallons of gas every year. The company to buy is PBF Energy; they are one of the largest independent oil refiners in North America. ExxonMobil has been trying to get rid of the plant since the beginning of last year, but an explosion more than 6 months ago has caused the sale to cease.

The shutdown led to a shortage of gas that meets California's stricter pollution regulations and caused higher prices at the pump for drivers in the state.

PBF Energy states that the plant will begin working again as early as next year.

"I really do believe this is good for PBF and Exxon Mobil, and it's good for California consumers," Kloza said. "Having Exxon Mobil operate a refinery in a state that has declared they want to minimize fossil fuels was ... a bad marriage."

The sale also includes a 116 miles section pipeline that delivers San Joaquin Valley crude to the refinery and pipes that provide access to the Port of Long Beach and Los Angeles. Currently the employees working at the plant will be offered jobs through PBF Energy instead of ExxonMobil.

http://www.pennenergy.com/articles/pennenergy/2015/10/exxon-mobil-to-sell-troubled-southern-california-refinery.html

16Sep/150

ExxonMobil’s new plant in Singapore

The Singapore Refinery spans two operating sites: Jurong on the mainland and Pulau Ayer Chawan (PAC) on Jurong Island. Pipelines connect the two sites to enable seamless operations and effective molecule management. This integrated refinery has a combined nameplate capacity of about 592,000 barrels per day, producing fuels, lubricant basestock and chemical feedstock for its customers and sister plants each day.

According to http://www.downstreamtoday.com/news/article.aspx?a_id=49142, Exxonmobil is expanding their operations in Jurong to produce synthetic lubricants. This expansion will help meet the needs of the population in the Asia Pacific region.

When completed in the second half of 2017, the facility will be the only plant in the Asia Pacific producing Mobil 1, the world’s leading synthetic motor oil.”

 “According to a recently completed analysis by Kline & Company, Asia-Pacific demand for passenger car synthetic engine oil is expected to grow more than eight percent between 2014 and 2024. Globally, more and more vehicle manufacturers are choosing synthetic oil for their vehicles. Currently, more than 35 vehicle models including those produced by Porsche, Mercedes AMG and General Motors, roll off the factory line featuring Mobil 1.”

15Jul/140

GLOBAL Expanding Gate Valve

Expanding Gate Valves

GLOBAL Valve & Controls is known for our Expanding Gate valves. It is one of our newest products. GLOBAL's Expanding Gate valves are excellent for fluids such as; LNG, Oil and many other liquid applications. Expanding gate valves are Full Port Thru Conduit for pigging applications and have many benefits in the chemical and petrochemical industries. So, what is the best part about the Expanding gate valve?

Several things, when you disassemble our EXPG, it features a mechanical seal for a bubble tight shut off, secondary stem and seat sealant injection systems and an integral stopper. The lever locks are either shifted up or down to close or open the valve for either upstream or downstream flow. Secondly, it has bi-directional sealing and can go through many weather conditions. Last but not least, GLOBAL promotes the benefit of our live loaded stem packing which is excellent for non-leakage and low emissions.

 

Source: GLOBAL Valve and Controls Valve MD

http://gvcintl.com/products_expanding_gate_valves.html

 

Double Block and Bleed Valves

18Jun/140

Next step for Rails

Natural gas by rail is years away and likely to have strong public resistance after a series of explosive crude by rail accidents that have already happened.  This could connect gas rich regions such as North Dakota with urban centers; presenting an opportunity for railroads, drillers and tank car makers already cashing in from hauling oil on trains.

Many are debating the dangers of a massive increase in oil carried by rail in North America, railroads and energy producers are considering the same for natural gas. "Everyone is talking about moving gas by rail..."

Pipeline Valves

Natural gas by rail is years away and likely to face strong public resistance after a series of explosive crude-by-rail accidents. But the potentially multibillion-dollar development could connect gas-rich regions like North Dakota with urban centers, presenting an opportunity for railroads, drillers and tank car makers already cashing in from hauling oil on trains. - See more at: http://www.rigzone.com/news/oil_gas/a/133574/After_Oil_Natural_Gas_May_Be_Next_On_North_American_Rails#sthash.y6AEdASl.dpuf

http://www.rigzone.com/news/oil_gas/a/133574/After_Oil_Natural_Gas_May_Be_Next_On_North_American_Rails

Natural gas by rail is years away and likely to face strong public resistance after a series of explosive crude-by-rail accidents. But the potentially multibillion-dollar development could connect gas-rich regions like North Dakota with urban centers, presenting an opportunity for railroads, drillers and tank car makers already cashing in from hauling oil on trains. - See more at: http://www.rigzone.com/news/oil_gas/a/133574/After_Oil_Natural_Gas_May_Be_Next_On_North_American_Rails#sthash.y6AEdASl.dpuf
4Jun/140

New climate change plan

New climate change plan

President Barack Obama’s push to reduce power plant emissions by 2030 cutting plant emissions by 30%, although results may have a slight effect on Canada's energy industry. Analysts are mixed on whether this ambitious target will even make a ripple in Canada's power-generation industry, let alone its oil and gas industry. He plans on targeting the burning of coal which takes up almost 40% of the greenhouse gas emissions.

The Canadian government has already taken this step years ago where they introduced new rules and regulations to ease the greenhouse gas emissions by putting strict emissions standards on new coal plants and setting rules that would force existing plants to shut down after they’ve been in operation 50 years.

The EPA has stated, "EPA that natural gas emits about half as much carbon dioxide as coal when burned to produce electricity. The issue is that methane leaks while natural gas is being extracted, processed and transported, and methane causes more warming than equivalent amounts of carbon dioxide"

Pipeline Gate Valves

http://www.businessweek.com/news/2014-06-04/obama-emission-rules-discount-gas-leaks-scientists-say

29May/140

Liquified Natural Gas ( LNG) becomes more popular to use

Back in the day squeezing and cooling gas till it become a liquid also known as LNG was very costly and very few companies were about to afford the process, but with today's technology consistently improving, the LNG process has become more popular compared to building pipelines to carry the oil from place to place. It is expected that by 2018, the process of LNG will used more and more around the world. "Projects under way mean that by 2018 over a third more LNG capacity will come on stream—the equivalent of China’s current consumption of LNG and piped gas combined. By 2025 capacity could double.."  Australia should become the largest LNG exporter after Qatar by 2016. Although piped gas is set to grow too, LNG’s share of the world’s gas supply is likely to rise from around 15-20%! Of course, the more demand for LNG rises, the more supply will rise as well.

 

Pipeline Valves

Liquified natural gas

API6DValves

API6DValves

http://www.economist.com/news/business/21603030-international-gas-market-developing-buyers-will-gain-more-sellers-bubbling-up