The job title Petroleum Engineer is said to rise to 10% in 2020. First off, what exactly do these engineers do? According to Wikipedia, “Petroleum engineering is a field of engineering concerned with the activities related to the production of hydrocarbons, which can be either crude oil or natural gas. Exploration and Production are deemed to fall within the upstream sector of the oil and gas industry.” In simple words, once oil is discovered, a petroleum engineer will determine the best way in removing it using different drill methods and knowing which valves are needed for each machine. There are numerous of different website you can research to find out what exactly you would be doing but it also depends on your employer. Other questions might come up such as what the salary and hours would be. Again, it all depends on who your employer is but according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, “the average annual wage for petroleum engineers was $130,280 in May 2012. Most were employed in oil and gas extraction, where they earned an average of $144,810.”
The first step in becoming a petroleum engineer is to go to school and earn a bachelors degree- nothing less. Mr. Soliman, professor and chairman of the petroleum engineering department at the University of Houston told Rigzone that its not just the bachelors degree that a student must have, but a internship in the same field looks very attractive on your resume. Be sure to attend a accredited school as what you are learning is not something learned from a book. You will actually do real life projects, out in the field and have a true understanding of what you must do to become a engineer in the O&G industry, specifically a petroleum engineer. This is because, “considering the current industry climate, employers don’t have a whole lot of time to offer basic training.”
For more tips on how to successfully become a petroleum engineer be sure to read the full article:
I’ve blogged about it before but now its official, robots are finally coming to aid in the pipeline inspections. There are currently 4 robots that were produced by a Russia based company, Diakont, which says that its pipeline crawlers—Remotely Operated Diagnostic Inspection System or RODIS crawlers—supply highly accurate data and they do it in real time, which helps with timely decision-making. Interestingly, 3 of the 4 robots have girl names and the 4th a boy name, as it is said the girl robots are more flexible and are able to “crawl” under the pipeline, whereas the boy can not. Besides cleaning and inspecting the pipelines to make sure everything is working correctly, these robots are able to go inside and inspect from within. Even going as far as inspecting the valves such as our Api 6D Trunnion Ball Valves are properly attached and there is no damage. The first pipeline to use the 4 robots will be the 40-year branch of the Trans-Alaska pipeline system at the Valdez terminal. The robots can examine up to 1,800 feet of pipes with diameters ranging between 8 and 55 inches.
The company, Diakont says, This is not the first-time robots will be used for internal pipeline inspection, replacing the so-called smart pigs, or pipeline inspection gauges, that rely on magnetic sensors to detect corrosion and cracks. The robots named, Gary, Fiona, Dee and Alice are supplied with a clean pipe, flushed with hot water and detergent.
The future for these robots look very bright as they can be used in all kinds of pipelines including offshore and natural gas as well as underground and under water as these types of jobs are very dangerous.
We try to go green as it’s the new trend and every one is doing it right? But there are many tiny obstacles that stand in our way, sure using reusable bags is great but what about that shampoo you just bought in a plastic bottle or the water bottle that has the tiny cap? It’s okay because the middle class is largely depending on plastics from those baby food pouches filled with fruits or vegetables to the bumper on your car. The petrochemical industry is booming and the results are huge! Just how huge? Think along the lines of $185 billion in upcoming projects alone for the petrochemical industry.
“Dow has completed $8 billion in new and expanded U.S. petrochemical facilities mostly along the Gulf of Mexico over the next year, part of the industry’s largest transformation in a generation.” The demand for transportation fuel is on the rise, even though people are now car pooling more and electric vehicles are an option; There is no shortage as the world’s appetite for plastics is expected to rise for decades to come.
“The new investment will establish the U.S. as a major exporter of plastic and reduce its trade deficit.” About 500,000 jobs will be added in the industry maybe less where automation is involved. Many of the companies who are investing in Americas products made in the petrochemical industry are foreign. Exxon alone said, “It selected a site near Corpus Christi, Texas, for a $9.3 billion petrochemical complex it is building jointly with Saudi Basic Industries Corp.”
Being a mom alone is hard work, but you don’t need to give up your dream job working in the oil and gas industry; if you are becoming a mom or already are one. Countless female professionals have successfully climbed the corporate ladder while having a family. In fact, many O&G companies are looking specifically for working moms to join their team and come up with different ways to keep them there.
Two of the largest companies alone already have special programs in place for the working moms. Shell and GE have introduced programs to help attract and retain female employees. Aside from GE’s goal of employing 20,000 women in STEM roles by Year 2020, the company also recently piloted its Moms on the Move program, in which nursing mothers who are traveling on business can ship their breast milk home to their babies. Shell is also offering 16 weeks of paid maternity leave. This is exciting news as 16 weeks of maternity leave is un heard of. Majority of companies in the US only offer 12 weeks or less or none at all. However on the other side of the globe, 16 weeks is pretty normal.
While its true the oil industry has its ups and downs it is also true that working in the oil and gas industry has its perks no matter what role you partake in. The world of oil and gas is all about tapping into the world’s resources, and there will always be a need for people to do this, whether it’s for sustainable energy or using the current methods. Technology is constantly expanding, so you’ll always be learning new things.
Working in the O&G industry is not all about lifting heavy machines, knowing how to use different types of machinery or even digging holes in the ground, well yes there are those types of jobs but if you are 8-5 Monday through Friday type of person, then there are tons of office jobs that will suit your needs. And those who are more interested in mixing chemicals and seeing their reactions, there are also lab jobs.
The O&G industry must always be on top of their game when it comes to technology so if you have those awesome computer skills jobs are always opening up in your field. With todays hacks it is very crucial for a company to stay on top of technology. For example, a pipeline company that has a pipeline that transports oil from one Point A to Point B gets compromised, then its bad news for everyone not just the pipeline company.
Although tons of jobs require you to have a 3 year or more degree there are also tons of jobs that are looking for a person they can teach and grow within the company. For example, many on site jobs do not require a degree but someone with a willingness to learn.
Demand for oil is all over the globe, so there is always the job that requires a applicant to travel which could be a very interesting perk. Many employers provide excellent training for their staff because they want to keep their talent. A lot of employers will also offer other perks such as bonus schemes, good pension plans, private healthcare and dental care, childcare support and more. A good point to remember is that when you first start off you don’t have to go straight to the biggest company. You can work your way up through smaller companies so you can gain the best experience possible. As the oil and gas sector starts to develop even more, these smaller companies will grow with the sector and be extremely valuable places to work.
One of the worlds most unique natural gas pipelines is the Alliance pipeline and it is also one of the worlds most longest. Although not yet official, the owners are thinking about expanding the pipeline to go from Western Canada to Illinois in early November of this year. The Alliance pipeline is unique because, unlike other natural gas pipelines that only transport natural gas after it has been processed, Alliance carries unprocessed natural gas. Unprocessed, or wet, natural gas contains ethane, propane, butanes, and natural gasoline, as well as methane, the primary component of natural gas. Most long-haul natural gas pipelines transport natural gas after processing, meaning that the natural gas in the pipeline has had NGPL removed and consists of mostly methane. Once the expansion becomes official then valves such as the Trunnion Ball Valves and Thru Conduit Valves will be used throughout the pipeline.
It accomplishes this feature by modulating pipeline pressure up to nearly 2,000 pounds per square inch to ensure that the mix of methane and NGPL does not separate while in the pipeline. The new compression stations would be built in the half way point of the pipeline. Currently the customers who receive this natural gas are; ANR Pipeline Company, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America, Midwestern Gas Transmission Company, and Vector Pipeline Company.
Japan has been buying its oil and gas from the Middle East but now the country has made a public statement that they are more interested in what Russia has to offer than the Middle East. Traditionally Japan buys most of the oil and gas in Middle East countries. And we are concerned about this dependence because this route is very unsafe, fraught with geopolitical risks. For us it is very important to ensure that the Northern route of energy supply, i.e. from Russia. This is very important from the point of view of energy security of our country”, — said the Minister.
The reason behind Japans decision is because the route to Russia is considered more safe and less costly especially since the company Rosneft has started to drill again. Russian oil, which can be delivered to Japan in a few days, gives the world’s fourth-biggest buyer a flexibility to make purchases closer to target delivery dates than for crude from other suppliers. No one is sure how the Middle East will respond to this. Russia is also the fourth-biggest supplier of LNG (liquefied natural gas) to Japan. Tokyo and Moscow are also discussing the prospect of building a gas pipeline to link the two countries together.
We know that when a pipeline leaks oil the surrounding areas are in trouble whether it is in the ocean contaminating the animals and their habitat or on land damaging the water source for the cities nearby. Would a natural gas leak from a pipeline be any different or worse? Research shows that when there is a natural gas leak it could lead to irreversible changes. When natural gas is leaked which is mostly methane gas ( a powerful greenhouse gas as you may know that is more powerful than carbon dioxide), contributes to changing the environment.
Gas leaks are no different from stage to stage and therefore should be looked at and fixed immediately in stage one rather than waiting for the leak to get worse. The gas utilities’ pipe systems are just one link in the national gas supply chain that brings gas from the well to your home. Leaks are an issue at every stage, starting at the wellhead. Unfortunately, not all leaks are fixed and here is why; there are certain rules that govern what utility companies can and can not do. For one, they must inspect the pipeline if there are any leaks but there are other rules governing how—and how much—they can charge customers make it hard to invest in the major pipeline upgrades needed to prevent leaks.
I believe the problem is not that there are not enough workers to fix these leaks, in fact, A new report shows that business is booming for those who work to stop leaks in natural gas pipelines across the country. But that the cost of the job is too expensive for many companies to consider which is a problem as we all know the leak will only get bigger no matter what it is. According to the report, unmitigated leaks cost an estimated $1.3 billion in lost natural gas each year.
The Trans Alaskan pipeline is one of the largest pipeline systems in the world. It is 800 miles long and starts on the North slope of Prudhoe Bay and ends in Valdez. Abbreviated “TAPS”, The Trans Alaskan Pipeline System opened up in 1977 and since has had oil flow through. Although, the pipeline was built to out last the most extreme cold conditions that Alaska brings, no one for saw that once oil slows down there would be problems. The line now moves a quarter of the volume it carried at its peak. And as the flows slow, the risks are rising.
Just how much less has the Trans Alaskan Pipeline System been producing? Alaska’s output was 565,000 barrels a day last month, down from a peak of more than 2 million in 1988, according to state data. This doesn’t mean that Alaska hasn’t had any new oil discoveries since the pipeline was put in, simply it is more expensive to drill in the region because of weather conditions in comparison to the lower 48 states where it is much cheaper such as West Texas.
Why is “slow oil”, necessarily a bad thing? Lower volumes mean crude travels more slowly through the pipeline, losing heat along the way. And at low temperatures, crude behaves badly. Ice crystals form that can damage pumping equipment.
What is being done to keep it flowing? Alyeska heats oil at Pump Station One to 100 degrees Fahrenheit, with a goal of keeping it above 37 degrees by the time it reaches the export terminal at Valdez, Alaska.
The joint partnership between the three, BP, Exxon and ConocoPhilips have spent around $200 million upgrading the equipment around the pumps at station one. Every four days, a device known as a pig, a sort of industrial Q-Tip, is sent hurtling through the 48-inch-wide pipeline to scrub out debris. This process is not as cheap as it might sound, as yes it does help the oil from freezing but it also comes at a higher transportation cost. The big three oil giants have also been experimenting by using other techniques to keep the oil moving at a maximum speed. For example, injecting water into the ground ( similar to fracking) to speed up the oil process but how much longer can that go on?
The biggest reason why life on an oilfield is so attractive is because it pays very well. But what does that really mean? Sure it sounds like fun and payday can be rewarding but lets take a look at what makes life challenging working on one. Sometimes these oil field men will call these places, “Man Camps”, as there are literally no women.
First, someone who works in the oilfield spends majority of their time there so many people live in small houses, or have room mates that share the space ideally. However, many companies can not afford to house their workers in fancy homes. Some have to find their own housing and will stay in a horse trailer, an abandoned container, or even in the back of their pick up truck. There is no such thing as arriving to work at 8am and leaving by 5pm. Working on the oilfield, means 90 hours plus rain or shine. Sometimes more, maybe less depending on what you are doing. But as every oil field veteran knows, there is a harsh tradeoff, beyond the grueling labor. Some men work hundreds of miles from their families, others live in primitive conditions or face the real risk of being maimed. Its basically a work, eat, sleep routine. When its time to go home, its just sleep time.
But the lure of big checks is still bringing waves of workers. In Dimmit County, population 10,000 before the boom, more than 1,000 oil field jobs were added in 2011. Around the 20 Eagle Ford Shale counties, at least 7,000 jobs have been added in two years.
The average for a truck driver in the oil field is about $25.00. Many non oil companies pay less, so the reward is definitely great for many of these men but sad for the wives and families back home. My wife doesn’t like the hours, but she’s happy for what I bring home. I expect to make over $100,000 this year. The oil field is a great place.
A common stereotype that is often heard is that on their off time or break time you can these men siting, smoking or even drinking singing songs. Companies are now far more safety-conscious and less tolerant of misbehavior. Most do background checks, provide training and have zero tolerance for drug use or alcohol abuse. Still, some who have no education or degrees can make up to $160,000.00 per year. You can see how that is truly rewarding among many folks.