The title explains it all. In 1963 the raw materials were inside whiskey barrels and pulled by horses.
“Despite considerable ridicule, threats, armed attacks, arson and sabotage, the first wooden pipeline, about 9 miles in length, was built in 1865”
Today, oil pipelines are made out of steel or plastic tubes. They are more than 9 miles in length. The Trans Canada pipeline is approximately 2147 miles.
Modern pipelines can be used for:
- gather oil and gas over one mile beneath the ocean surface
- transport supercritical fluid carbon dioxide for territory oil recovery
- carry natural gas liquids for growing regional heating and olefins industries
- and transport specialty chemicals between chemical plants and refineries