When you think of Peru, what do you think of? Before I took a trip to Lima Peru, I thought there was going to be little shops everywhere and people selling anywhere from jewelry to food, on the streets. Lima, Peru is actually the most industrialized city in South America.
“Peru has six major oil refineries with total capacity of 192,950 bbl/d. Repsol-YPF controls the largest facility in the country, La Pampilla, located in Lima, with a capacity of 102,000 bbl/d. The other privately-operated refinery in the country is the 3,250-bbl/d Purcallpa, operated by Maple Gas. Petroperu operates the remaining four refineries and the largest network of retail oil products distribution. The Peruvian government has planned to further privatize downstream facilities in the future. “
And just like Houston, Texas has many refineries and buy petroleum equipment such as Ball, Gate, Globe, and Check Valves.
“Peru has proven crude oil reserves of 930 million barrels, according to Oil and Gas Journal (OGJ). The country produced 110,900 barrels per day. With the revival in oil exploration, Peru has had new projects brought online, increasing the country’s oil production levels. However, Peru's oil consumption has also grown over the past 20 years.”
The title explains it all. In 1963 the raw materials were inside whiskey barrels and pulled by horses.
“Despite considerable ridicule, threats, armed attacks, arson and sabotage, the first wooden pipeline, about 9 miles in length, was built in 1865”
Today, oil pipelines are made out of steel or plastic tubes. They are more than 9 miles in length. The Trans Canada pipeline is approximately 2147 miles.
Modern pipelines can be used for:
- gather oil and gas over one mile beneath the ocean surface
- transport supercritical fluid carbon dioxide for territory oil recovery
- carry natural gas liquids for growing regional heating and olefins industries
- and transport specialty chemicals between chemical plants and refineries
“Natural gas from Alaska's North Slope may finally find its way through Alaska and Alberta Canada via a 1,700-2,000 mile long natural gas pipeline by the year 2020. if required, a 1,500-mile long pipeline from Alberta to Chicago would also be built.”
The Alaska Pipeline and the Denali Pipeline Projects have been up in the air whether to build or not to build. One of them will certainly be built, but it depends on North America- if there will be enough demand for natural gas especially since we have around 48 states that have their own natural gas source.
“A lead time of 2020 may seem like a long to time to build this project. However, one of the proposals will traverse over 1,700 miles just to get gas to Alberta Canada. A second option may take gas to Valdez Alaska where it will be liquefied and then transferred to national and international markets.”
To read more about this article, you can visit the website:
Have you heard of a high dollar, well-known company called Pe Ben USA? Well, I have not, until now! I discovered being how I am located in Houston, TX; Pe Ben USA recently consolidated its headquarters, maintenance, and also storage facility right here at a 20-acre location; located in Northwest Houston. However, they opened an office back in 1996, but decided to make Houston their homebound. Shocking right? Well it gets better… The CEO, Dale Mykyte bought the site in August 2010. They finally moved in with a 9,000 square feet state-of-the-art office space with a 20,000-square-foot maintenance center. This large facility also consumes of, 20 offices, a board room, two conference rooms, and everyone loves an exercise facility, and most of all a safe room for company and client records. Is this cool or what?
But get this, Pe Ben goes way back to 1957, which serviced the oilfields in Western Canada. Mykyte entered the pipeline business in 1981, joined Pe Ben as operations manager, and then bought Park hill Pipe Stringing and J.L. Cox & Sons.
Pe Ben has worked on projects for major oil and gas companies though its principal clients are major pipe mills. They have executed projects for all major U.S. and European mills. Pe Ben has operations in Alberta, and British Columbia, Canada, as well as Texas and North Dakota A new heavy-haul division in Houston has been established, directed by Tony Beffer. Pe Ben USA completed 16 simultaneous stringing projects by the end of 2011, “to be invisible and anticipate the client’s needs, being proactive rather than reactive.”
It’s amazing how one day, someone can make something small into something huge. Word of mouth – Take what life has to offer – but don’t just take it as if it’s something that will turn into nothing, because it will soon be something large and not something that was nothing large!
$1 Billion Natural Gas Pipeline Proposed for PA., would connect to Baltimore, DC areas
While the Keystone XL Pipeline is waiting to be built, Philadelphia proposed a $1 Billion dollar Gas Pipeline connecting from Northeastern Pennsylvania’s Marcellus Shale to Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington. Although the UGI Corporation, Energy Midstream L.P. & Capitol Energy Ventures came to conclusion to build a 200-mile pipeline on Thursday conference. The companies set a completed goal of 2015 and still need regulatory approval.
This project would move at least 800,000 cubic feet of natural gas per day from Lycoming County South through Eastern and Central Pennsylvania. However, still waiting on what they end up doing; either allowing Kansas City, MO, build the pipeline and share an equal stake with Valley Forge and Capitol Energy Ventures.
Two questions: Who loves money? Who enjoys paying for gas at a low cost? If you say “I”, well you might just get lucky.
The House of Representatives passed a bill requiring swift approval of the Keystone XL pipeline; however, they state the pipeline will carry heavy crude oil from Canada’s Alberta province to the Gulf Coast. Although the Obama administration has claimed it needs more time to study the possible environmental impact. – My questions are: How much time do you need Obama? Would you want us to wait until you finish your four-eight years in the office?
Republican Fred Upton, chairman of the Energy and Commerce Committee; states: We are interested and assertion that the Keystone “will…help bring down prices at the pump”. However, the Keystone XL Pipeline will not be completed till 2014, so at this time they say building the pipeline will have no impact on gas prices going down but very much going up. Although, House Speaker John Boehner states on February 17, 2012 “House GOP acts to address rising gas prices”. The Keystone XL Pipeline would carry about 1.1 Million Barrels per day, but has depressed the price of crude oil in the Midwest. Philip K. Verleger, who owns PKVerleger LLC also known as Limited Liability Corporation out in Delaware, argues about the pipeline would increase gasoline prices in the upper Midwest. The amount of the price being raised is from 5 to 10 cents a gallon.
What also is very interesting, the fact that TransCanada is in fact “Sheet on the Keystone XL Pipeline” although, this makes no claims about the prices decreasing, but also, they state it doesn’t look as if the pricing are increasing either. The prices on a global level are set in motion and it will not change just because the Keystone XL Pipeline bill has been approved and is in process of being built.
So to answer the above questions: Who loves money? – Unfortunately, everyone loves money; however not everyone could afford gas if prices continue to go up.
Who enjoys paying for gas at a low cost? – I would hope everyone… Since a vehicle, a plane, and even a boat will consume gas, everyone has already involved themselves in the new economic ways. We no longer ride bicycles to get us to the store, so why not enjoy a few cents this pipeline COULD benefit us.
On another note: Rep. Upton says the pipeline will have an impact on the prices being lowered, but experts say could. We the people will just have to wait and see what happens, and how much this project is going to save us or cost us.
Hydraulic fracturing was first used in Texas to stimulate oil wells as early as the 1940’s.
Hydraulic fracturing also referred to as ‘Fracking’ has created a supply of low-cost natural gas. This reduces the cost of heating for people using natural gas to heat their homes, as well as low cost electricity.
Shale is usually located thousands of feet below aquifer. So the risk of aquifer contamination is virtually impossible. Contamination usually occurs if the cement around the drill pipe is not sealed properly, this can allow natural gas to migrate to the surface. Once at the surface the gas can enter well water or aquifers. This can be prevented by proper procedures.
Companies are constantly working on newer better technologies to help eliminate the concerns associated with fracking. There are reports that Canadian companies have used liquefied petroleum gas consisting mostly of propane instead of water, and Poland is experimenting with vibration.