Global Valve and Controls

Underwater pipeline

Do you know what the worlds longest gas pipeline  and how long it is? According to Google, "The Trans-Mediterranean (Transmed) is a 2,475km-long natural gas pipeline built to transport natural gas from Algeria to Italy via Tunisia and Sicily." While it is true, that is the worlds longest pipeline built on land, there is also a pipeline nicknamed Giant Serpent that lies underwater and is the worlds largest underwater gas pipeline. The name Giant Serpent actually comes from Norse mythology and is located on the Norwegian Continental Shelf. The pipeline is owned by ExxonMobil, Stat oil and Royal dutch shell. "The pipeline has a length of 1,166 km (745 miles) and delivers 26 billion cubic meters (900 billion cubic feet) of natural gas to the UK National Transmission System each year."

As you can imagine building the Giant Serpent was not an easy job and thank goodness for todays technology as it would have been impossible. A underwater machine was use to survey the bottom and engineers were able to print out a map to use. One of the challenges when it came to building the immense pipeline is that the sea bed was not flat but instead hilly and there were areas where it would drop down 3-4 miles which made water pressure a significant factor when it came to designing and building the pipeline. Another machine was used to move the seabed and make it more flat so that pipe can be laid down without causing destruction. "With an understanding of the features and hazards, design engineers went to work on plans to allow a 44 inch pipe, with 1" thick walls, to negotiate the terrain while minimizing impact on fisheries and ecosystems." The pipeline was built using 100,000 pipe sections, each coated in asphalt to reduce corrosion and a stability coating of concrete.

The Giant Serpent took 3 years to build starting in 2003 and ending in 2006. Since then, Norway and the UK have benefited tremendously from the natural gas pipeline.

World’s Longest Under Water Gas Pipeline, 1166km “Giant Serpent”




Robots will be used in pipeline inspections

I've blogged about it before but now its official, robots are finally coming to aid in the pipeline inspections. There are currently 4 robots that were produced by a Russia based company, Diakont, which says that its pipeline crawlers—Remotely Operated Diagnostic Inspection System or RODIS crawlers—supply highly accurate data and they do it in real time, which helps with timely decision-making. Interestingly, 3 of the 4 robots have girl names and the 4th a boy name, as it is said the girl robots are more flexible and are able to "crawl" under the pipeline, whereas the boy can not. Besides cleaning and inspecting the pipelines to make sure everything is working correctly, these robots are able to go inside and inspect from within. Even going as far as inspecting the valves such as our Api 6D Trunnion Ball Valves are properly attached and there is no damage. The first pipeline to use the 4 robots will be the 40-year branch of the Trans-Alaska pipeline system at the Valdez terminal. The robots can examine up to 1,800 feet of pipes with diameters ranging between 8 and 55 inches.

The company, Diakont says, This is not the first-time robots will be used for internal pipeline inspection, replacing the so-called smart pigs, or pipeline inspection gauges, that rely on magnetic sensors to detect corrosion and cracks. The robots named, Gary, Fiona, Dee and Alice are supplied with a clean pipe,  flushed with hot water and detergent.

The future for these robots look very bright as they can be used in all kinds of pipelines including offshore and natural gas as well as underground and under water as these types of jobs are very dangerous.

API 6D Trunnion Ball Valves, Full Port F316 Body and Trim ANSI 900 shipping out to a customer. These Double Block and Bleed Valves can be found in a Pipeline.


The Petrochemical industry grows in the billions

We  try to go green as it's the new trend and every one is doing it right? But there are many tiny obstacles that stand in our way, sure using reusable bags is great but what about that shampoo you just bought in a plastic bottle or the water bottle that has the tiny cap? It's okay because the middle class is largely depending on plastics from those baby food pouches filled with fruits or vegetables to the bumper on your car. The petrochemical industry is booming and the results are huge! Just how huge? Think along the lines of $185 billion in upcoming projects alone for the petrochemical industry.

“Dow has completed $8 billion in new and expanded U.S. petrochemical facilities mostly along the Gulf of Mexico over the next year, part of the industry’s largest transformation in a generation.” The demand for transportation fuel is on the rise, even though people are now car pooling more and electric vehicles are an option; There is no shortage as the world’s appetite for plastics is expected to rise for decades to come.

“The new investment will establish the U.S. as a major exporter of plastic and reduce its trade deficit.” About 500,000 jobs will be added in the industry maybe less where automation is involved.  Many of the companies who are investing in Americas products made in the petrochemical industry are foreign. Exxon alone said, “It selected a site near Corpus Christi, Texas, for a $9.3 billion petrochemical complex it is building jointly with Saudi Basic Industries Corp.”


Automated Flanged Ball Valves for the Petrochemical industry


Shale Gas Fact or Fiction

There have been so many articles relating to the shale oil that I believe it is important to know what is true and what is not.

First, what is shale? Shale gas refers to natural gas that is trapped in shale formations. Shales are fine-grained sedimentary rocks that can be rich sources of petroleum and natural gas.

How does one person go about getting these rock formations out of the ground? There are 2 methods. Horizontal drilling and hydraulic drilling.

There is a limited amount of shale to go around: False. According to the EIA Annual Energy Outlook 2011, the United States possesses 2,552 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of potential natural gas resources.

What are some of the most common shale plays that we have heard or read about? Barnett shale, Marcellus shale, and Utica shale.

Coal is cleaner than natural gas. False. Natural gas is cleaner-burning than coal or oil.

Should we be worried when shale is being extracted? Yes. Issues in decreased and polluted water supply in the surrounding areas have been reported. There have also been reports of chemicals being mixed in with water sources due to the drilling.



Public education is benefiting from the low oil prices

Believe it or not, there are those that are actually benefiting from the low oil prices and no they are not the people at the pump but the public schools.  How is this so? Well, there are many schools in North Texas, for example, that have oil and gas producing properties within their district boundaries. In turn, many local districts receive millions of money per year in property tax alone.

To give you an idea, Last year, Fort Worth ISD received $9.1 million from oil and natural gas property taxes. Northwest ISD received $20.1 million. Weatherford ISD got over $2 million, and Decatur ISD got $10.3 million, which is over one-third of its total tax base.

The money the schools receive allows them to hire more teachers and pay them well, thus giving the students a better education. It also helps the students have better facilities, programs, and supplies. It is no surprise that while oil continues to go down, public schools will continue to profit from many oil and gas companies. Funds for Texas education come from a variety of royalties and taxes paid by the oil and natural gas industry.
Read more here:



New Pipeline in the Midwest

Energy Transfer Partners, L.P. & their partners Phillips 66 is planning to install a pipeline carrying highly volatile and flammable crude oil through the state of North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, and partial Illinois; the I.U.B. Iowa Utilities Board is under discussion about whether or not they want this pipeline to be built through 18 counties and numerous watersheds, which will impact the ecosystem, not to mention many generations homes will be tarnished.

In June 2014, the project Bakken Pipeline published to the public is 1,134 miles underground and landowners attended informational hearing in the four states between August 2014 and January 2015. End of October of 2014 a submitted proposal to I.U.B. and submitted for a permit in January of 2015. The pipeline cost is $3.78 Billion dollars.

280 residents signed up to speak for and against the project on Thursday November, 12th 2015. Energy Transfer hopes to have the pipeline operational by late 2016.

11 days of hearing begins Thursday November 12th through December 2nd, the decision to be made whether or not this pipeline will be installed through IOWA will be by early January of 2016.

Who wants a job? I know I sure do, Energy Transfer states ‘2,000 to 4,000 jobs would be provided in Iowa during construction, and Iowa would receive about $50 Billion in sales and income taxes during construction.”

Everything that I have read so far, from a promise to a black and white paper writing document, jobs; jobs; jobs; and more jobs will be provided to skilled welders, mechanics, electricians, pipe fitters and heavy equipment operators.

Which will mean GLOBAL Valve & Controls have an opportunity to offer their upmost competitive API 6D Valves; these valves will be installed along the pipeline to shut off the flow of oil through pipe sections in an emergency.  (This one is an iffy).

The pipeline project must win approval from regulators in three other states in addition to IOWA.


Credits: / /


Pennsylvania plans big for upcoming pipeline projects

Pennsylvania has been drilling in the state for about 10 years and now it has more than enough natural resources than the infrastructure to deliver it. Because of all the drilling, there is more supply than the demand which brings the focus to making more pipelines to move all the oil through the mid state.  More than 1500 wells have now been drilled and are waiting to be moved. Some of these projects include:

"Williams Partners' 178-mile Atlantic Sunrise Pipeline will move through 10 counties, as it carries gas from northeastern Pennsylvania to markets in the Mid-Atlantic and southeastern states. The $3 billion pipeline is expected to be operational by July 2017."

"The Mariner East I pipeline, which previously carried oil, was re-purposed to carry gas products."

"The Mariner East II pipeline will also carry gas. It will span 350 miles when complete. It is expected to be operational in late 2016 and will move along the same path as Mariner East I - through 14 counties in southern Pennsylvania, including several in the mid state."

More pipelines projects can be found by visiting:

These projects will create thousands of jobs, and the natural gas being moved will be go hundreds of homes.

“Through smart planning, Pennsylvania can experience economic prosperity, achieve energy security, and protect the environment and communities”


Thru Conduit Gate Valves

Thru Conduit Gate Valves/ API 600 Gate Valve


ExxonMobils Torrance plant SOLD!

ExxonMobil Corp. is selling its Torrance plant in Southern California. The plant is set on 750 acres and produces almost 2 billion gallons of gas every year. The company to buy is PBF Energy; they are one of the largest independent oil refiners in North America. ExxonMobil has been trying to get rid of the plant since the beginning of last year, but an explosion more than 6 months ago has caused the sale to cease.

The shutdown led to a shortage of gas that meets California's stricter pollution regulations and caused higher prices at the pump for drivers in the state.

PBF Energy states that the plant will begin working again as early as next year.

"I really do believe this is good for PBF and Exxon Mobil, and it's good for California consumers," Kloza said. "Having Exxon Mobil operate a refinery in a state that has declared they want to minimize fossil fuels was ... a bad marriage."

The sale also includes a 116 miles section pipeline that delivers San Joaquin Valley crude to the refinery and pipes that provide access to the Port of Long Beach and Los Angeles. Currently the employees working at the plant will be offered jobs through PBF Energy instead of ExxonMobil.


Pipeline leak in Canada

A new leak was discovered Thursday of last week located in the northwestern park of Alberta, Canada. The spill came from a NuVista Energy company. Roughly 100,000 liters of a mixture of water, oil and gas have seeped through.

"On Friday afternoon, a helicopter crew doing regular daily inspection and maintenance work saw a "small area of stressed vegetation" along the pipeline route and the line was shut down immediately"

The company quoted that safety and the environment is their number one concern so responding very quickly was not an issue for them. No traces were found of any wildlife was harmed.


Job seekers in a depression

Do you remember when the price per barrel was high? Yes, it was some time ago and we also wrote a blog then about some of the best salary jobs that were in the Oil&Gas industry. For example, if you were working on a rig back then you would have probably would have been making around $80k. Pay was high, but the hours were long as well. Now that the price for oil is low, these jobs are no longer in demand. The pay is around $50k to $80k. “Keeping pay and bonus percentages constant has been made possible only through cost-saving layoffs. U.S.-based energy firms announced 60,500 job cuts in the first six months of 2015”

If you are having trouble finding a job or interested in a career change, has made a list of some potential jobs that one might find interesting, especially when the price for oil is low.


Accounting: Bad economic times increase businesses' and individuals' desire to wisely account for every last dollar.

Education: Even in the current slowdown, our political leaders seem committed to education spending, and voters continue to pass education bonds to upgrade facilities.

Entertainment: During the Great Depression, the movie industry boomed as people craved escapism and had time to burn. That would very likely be the same today: The film, video game, sports, and creative arts industries should remain viable.

Utilities: This is the classic defensive stock investment. Even in the worst of times, utilities stay cranking.

Alternative energy: Despite all the media attention to solar and wind energy, it's possible that the nuclear industry would, over the next decade, create the most jobs.

Health care: The jobs with the most security include registered nurses, physician assistants, internal medicine physicians, dentists, optometrists, pharmacists, and physical therapy assistants.

Law firms: If they specialize in discrimination law, immigration law, or sexual harassment—they'll still need plenty of employees.

Law enforcement: In tough times, the level of crime tends to increase.