Global Valve and Controls
9Aug/17Off

The truth about the O&G industry Blog

Everyone who works in the O&G industry all want to hear the same thing; that the industry is booming and this is where you want to be. Whether you are out in the field or in the office, working on land or offshore everyone is making money right? According to this article, millennials are a bit scared to work or have anything to do with the industry because their job might be dangerous, dirty or hard. "millennials think that the oil industry is only about making as much money as possible by pumping and selling as much oil as possible", even going as far as saying that the industry is "harming the environment irreparably in the process." The thing that I agree about this article is that it states, those people who think like that, do not look at the whole picture. They do not think about the, "thousands of everyday products are either entirely or partially derived from petroleum and natural gas." As far as going green, not everything can be made in a healthier, better way. For example, heart valves and synthetic fibers believe it or not are here today because of the oil and gas industry. I am pretty sure that one day someone will re invent those items without using oil or natural gas but that day has not come yet.

The number one thing that millennials are looking at when it comes to this industry is how to make it better. Technology is the key.  For example, "technological innovation aimed at enhancing production efficiency and lowering production costs will help make the environment a better place." The goal is to have more technology, simpler processes, and higher productivity because "the oil and gas industry’s road to internal sustainability runs parallel to environmental sustainability." With technology improving there is no doubt in my mind that millennials will think twice about the O&G industry and will want to work in the industry.

 

http://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-General/Dear-Millennials-Big-Oil-Is-Not-Your-Enemy.html

 

 

1Aug/17Off

Underwater pipeline

Do you know what the worlds longest gas pipeline  and how long it is? According to Google, "The Trans-Mediterranean (Transmed) is a 2,475km-long natural gas pipeline built to transport natural gas from Algeria to Italy via Tunisia and Sicily." While it is true, that is the worlds longest pipeline built on land, there is also a pipeline nicknamed Giant Serpent that lies underwater and is the worlds largest underwater gas pipeline. The name Giant Serpent actually comes from Norse mythology and is located on the Norwegian Continental Shelf. The pipeline is owned by ExxonMobil, Stat oil and Royal dutch shell. "The pipeline has a length of 1,166 km (745 miles) and delivers 26 billion cubic meters (900 billion cubic feet) of natural gas to the UK National Transmission System each year."

As you can imagine building the Giant Serpent was not an easy job and thank goodness for todays technology as it would have been impossible. A underwater machine was use to survey the bottom and engineers were able to print out a map to use. One of the challenges when it came to building the immense pipeline is that the sea bed was not flat but instead hilly and there were areas where it would drop down 3-4 miles which made water pressure a significant factor when it came to designing and building the pipeline. Another machine was used to move the seabed and make it more flat so that pipe can be laid down without causing destruction. "With an understanding of the features and hazards, design engineers went to work on plans to allow a 44 inch pipe, with 1" thick walls, to negotiate the terrain while minimizing impact on fisheries and ecosystems." The pipeline was built using 100,000 pipe sections, each coated in asphalt to reduce corrosion and a stability coating of concrete.

The Giant Serpent took 3 years to build starting in 2003 and ending in 2006. Since then, Norway and the UK have benefited tremendously from the natural gas pipeline.

World’s Longest Under Water Gas Pipeline, 1166km “Giant Serpent”

 

 

24Jul/17Off

Natural gas and Crude oil

Natural gas has grown far more popular than regular gas because it is said to be more cleaner and greener. But is it really better? Did you know that methane is the main chemical in natural gas and its potency is far greater than that of CO2 which is found in regular gas. Methane also makes up 25% of todays global warming. Although regular gas stations are found throughout the country, stations that contain natural gas are only just popping up. Most of the vehicles today the we drive  only use regular gas as natural gas is still a very new commodity. There are vehicles such as city trucks (trash and recycling buses) that are currently using natural gas instead of oil. It is also interesting to read that even though natural gas is the best option between the two gases because it is better for the environment, it is also the less expensive one.

A positive outlook on crude oil "is a relatively efficient international market, in which the product moves around the globe in tankers that can be diverted from one destination to another almost instantaneously in response to shifts in demand." On the other hand, natural gas is not global. Meaning, There is a limited trade in liquefied natural gas (LNG), which can be transported in tankers, but mostly natural gas must move in pipelines over land.

More efforts are being made to use natural gas  than oil, for example, In the state of Alaska there is a plan to build a pipeline that would take natural gas from the North Slope to an Alaskan port, where it could be liquefied and shipped to Asia. It is a slow start but more and more pipelines will be built to transfer natural gas.

Natural gas trunnion ball valves, double block and bleed valves in service for a compressor station

https://www.forbes.com/sites/kensilverstein/2017/07/20/investors-squeezing-oil-gas-developers-to-cut-methane/#2442774a4be1

http://gvcintl.com/about_gvc.html

 

19Jul/17Off

Is drilling something you would like to do?

The job title Petroleum Engineer is said to rise to 10% in 2020. First off, what exactly do these engineers do? According to Wikipedia, "Petroleum engineering is a field of engineering concerned with the activities related to the production of hydrocarbons, which can be either crude oil or natural gas. Exploration and Production are deemed to fall within the upstream sector of the oil and gas industry."  In simple words, once oil is discovered, a petroleum engineer will determine the best way in removing it using different drill methods and knowing which valves are needed for each machine. There are numerous of different website you can research to find out what exactly you would be doing but it also depends on your employer. Other questions might come up such as what the salary and hours would be. Again, it all depends on who your employer is but according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, "the average annual wage for petroleum engineers was $130,280 in May 2012. Most were employed in oil and gas extraction, where they earned an average of $144,810."

The first step in becoming a petroleum engineer is to go to school and earn a bachelors degree- nothing less. Mr. Soliman, professor and chairman of the petroleum engineering department at the University of Houston told Rigzone that its not just the bachelors degree that a student must have, but a internship in the same field looks very attractive on your resume. Be sure to attend a accredited school as what you are learning is not something learned from a book. You will actually do real life projects, out in the field and have a true understanding of what you must do to become a engineer in the O&G industry, specifically a petroleum engineer. This is because, "considering the current industry climate, employers don’t have a whole lot of time to offer basic training.”

For more tips on how to successfully become a petroleum engineer be sure to read the full article:

http://www.rigzone.com/news/oil_gas/a/151020/Whats_It_Take_to_Land_a_Job_as_a_Petroleum_Engineer

 

 

10Jul/17Off

Robots will be used in pipeline inspections

I've blogged about it before but now its official, robots are finally coming to aid in the pipeline inspections. There are currently 4 robots that were produced by a Russia based company, Diakont, which says that its pipeline crawlers—Remotely Operated Diagnostic Inspection System or RODIS crawlers—supply highly accurate data and they do it in real time, which helps with timely decision-making. Interestingly, 3 of the 4 robots have girl names and the 4th a boy name, as it is said the girl robots are more flexible and are able to "crawl" under the pipeline, whereas the boy can not. Besides cleaning and inspecting the pipelines to make sure everything is working correctly, these robots are able to go inside and inspect from within. Even going as far as inspecting the valves such as our Api 6D Trunnion Ball Valves are properly attached and there is no damage. The first pipeline to use the 4 robots will be the 40-year branch of the Trans-Alaska pipeline system at the Valdez terminal. The robots can examine up to 1,800 feet of pipes with diameters ranging between 8 and 55 inches.

The company, Diakont says, This is not the first-time robots will be used for internal pipeline inspection, replacing the so-called smart pigs, or pipeline inspection gauges, that rely on magnetic sensors to detect corrosion and cracks. The robots named, Gary, Fiona, Dee and Alice are supplied with a clean pipe,  flushed with hot water and detergent.

The future for these robots look very bright as they can be used in all kinds of pipelines including offshore and natural gas as well as underground and under water as these types of jobs are very dangerous.

API 6D Trunnion Ball Valves, Full Port F316 Body and Trim ANSI 900 shipping out to a customer. These Double Block and Bleed Valves can be found in a Pipeline.

http://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-General/Oil-Pipelines-To-Be-Inspected-By-Robots.html

1Jun/17Off

Working moms in the O&G industry

Being a mom alone is hard work, but you don't need to give up your dream job working in the oil and gas industry; if you are becoming a mom or already are one. Countless female professionals have successfully climbed the corporate ladder while having a family. In fact, many O&G companies are looking specifically for working moms to join their team and come up with different ways to keep them there.

Two of the largest companies alone already have special programs in place for the working moms.  Shell and GE have introduced programs to help attract and retain female employees. Aside from GE’s goal of employing 20,000 women in STEM roles by Year 2020, the company also recently piloted its Moms on the Move program, in which nursing mothers who are traveling on business can ship their breast milk home to their babies. Shell is also offering 16 weeks of paid maternity leave. This is exciting news as 16 weeks of maternity leave is un heard of. Majority of companies in the US only offer 12 weeks or less or none at all. However on the other side of the globe, 16 weeks is pretty normal.

 

http://www.rigzone.com/news/oil_gas/a/150365/BLOG_Oil_Gas_Aims_to_Remain_Attractive_to_Working_Moms

29May/17Off

Working in the oil and gas industry

While its true the oil industry has its ups and downs it is also true that working in the oil and gas industry has its perks no matter what role you partake in. The world of oil and gas is all about tapping into the world’s resources, and there will always be a need for people to do this, whether it’s for sustainable energy or using the current methods. Technology is constantly expanding, so you’ll always be learning new things.

Working in the O&G industry is not all about lifting heavy machines, knowing how to use different types of machinery or even digging holes in the ground, well yes there are those types of jobs but if you are 8-5 Monday through Friday type of person, then there are tons of office jobs that will suit your needs. And those who are more interested in mixing chemicals and seeing their reactions, there are also lab jobs.

The O&G industry must always be on top of their game when it comes to technology so if you have those awesome computer skills jobs are always opening up in your field. With todays hacks it is very crucial for a company to stay on top of technology. For example, a pipeline company that has a pipeline that transports oil from one Point A to Point B  gets compromised, then its bad news for everyone not just the pipeline company.

Although tons of jobs require you to have a 3 year or more degree there are also tons of jobs that are looking for a person they can teach and grow within the company. For example, many on site jobs do not require a degree but someone with a willingness to learn.

Demand for oil is all over the globe, so there is always the job that requires a applicant to travel which could be a very interesting perk. Many employers provide excellent training for their staff because they want to keep their talent. A lot of employers will also offer other perks such as bonus schemes, good pension plans, private healthcare and dental care, childcare support and more. A good point to remember is that when you first start off you don’t have to go straight to the biggest company.  You can work your way up through smaller companies so you can gain the best experience possible. As the oil and gas sector starts to develop even more, these smaller companies will grow with the sector and be extremely valuable places to work.

Working with machinery dealing with various valves does take special skill and knowledge

https://engineering-jobs.theiet.org/article/8-reasons-why-you-should-work-in-the-oil-and-gas-sector/

15May/17Off

Japan plans to purchase more oil and gas from Russia

Japan has been buying its oil and gas from the Middle East  but now the country has made a public statement that they are more interested in what Russia has to offer than the Middle East. Traditionally Japan buys most of the oil and gas in Middle East countries. And we are concerned about this dependence because this route is very unsafe, fraught with geopolitical risks. For us it is very important to ensure that the Northern route of energy supply, i.e. from Russia. This is very important from the point of view of energy security of our country”, — said the Minister.

The reason behind Japans decision is because the route to Russia is considered more safe and less costly especially since the company Rosneft has started to drill again. Russian oil, which can be delivered to Japan in a few days, gives the world's fourth-biggest buyer a flexibility to make purchases closer to target delivery dates than for crude from other suppliers. No one is sure how the Middle East will respond to this.  Russia is also the fourth-biggest supplier of LNG (liquefied natural gas) to Japan.  Tokyo and Moscow are also discussing the prospect of building a gas pipeline to link the two countries together.

 

http://oilpro.com/announcement/4804/japan-aims-to-buy-more-lng-russia

24Apr/17Off

Natural gas pipeline leaks

We know that when a pipeline leaks oil the surrounding areas are in trouble whether it is in the ocean contaminating the animals and their habitat or on land damaging the water source for the cities nearby. Would a natural gas leak from a pipeline be any different or worse? Research shows that when there is a natural gas leak it could lead to irreversible changes. When natural gas is leaked which is mostly methane gas ( a powerful greenhouse gas as you may know that is more powerful than carbon dioxide), contributes to changing the environment.

Gas leaks are no different from stage to stage and therefore should be looked at and fixed immediately in stage one rather than waiting for the leak to get worse. The gas utilities’ pipe systems are just one link in the national gas supply chain that brings gas from the well to your home. Leaks are an issue at every stage, starting at the wellhead. Unfortunately, not all leaks are fixed and here is why; there are certain rules that govern what utility companies can and can not do. For one, they must inspect the pipeline if there are any leaks but there are other rules governing how—and how much—they can charge customers make it hard to invest in the major pipeline upgrades needed to prevent leaks. 

I believe the problem is not that there are not enough workers to fix these leaks, in fact, A new report shows that business is booming for those who work to stop leaks in natural gas pipelines across the country. But that the cost of the job is too expensive for many companies to consider which is a problem as we all know the leak will only get bigger no matter what it is. According to the report, unmitigated leaks cost an estimated $1.3 billion in lost natural gas each year. 

https://www.edf.org/climate/methanemaps/leaks-problem

 

15Apr/17Off

Will the Trans Alaskan pipeline survive?

The Trans Alaskan pipeline is one of the largest pipeline systems in the world. It is 800 miles long and starts on the North slope of Prudhoe Bay and ends in Valdez. Abbreviated "TAPS", The Trans Alaskan Pipeline System opened up in 1977 and since has had oil flow through. Although, the pipeline was built to out last the most extreme cold conditions that Alaska brings, no one for saw that once oil slows down there would be problems. The line now moves a quarter of the volume it carried at its peak. And as the flows slow, the risks are rising.

Just how much less has the Trans Alaskan Pipeline System been producing? Alaska’s output was 565,000 barrels a day last month, down from a peak of more than 2 million in 1988, according to state data. This doesn't mean that Alaska hasn't had any new oil discoveries since the pipeline was put in, simply it is more expensive to drill in the region because of weather conditions in comparison to the lower 48 states where it is much cheaper such as West Texas.

Why is "slow oil", necessarily a bad thing? Lower volumes mean crude travels more slowly through the pipeline, losing heat along the way. And at low temperatures, crude behaves badly. Ice crystals form that can damage pumping equipment. 

What is being done to keep it flowing? Alyeska heats oil at Pump Station One to 100 degrees Fahrenheit, with a goal of keeping it above 37 degrees by the time it reaches the export terminal at Valdez, Alaska. 

The joint partnership between the three, BP, Exxon and ConocoPhilips have spent around $200 million upgrading the equipment around the pumps at station one. Every four days, a device known as a pig, a sort of industrial Q-Tip, is sent hurtling through the 48-inch-wide pipeline to scrub out debris. This process is not as cheap as it might sound, as yes it does help the oil from freezing but it also comes at a higher transportation cost. The big three oil giants have also been experimenting by using other techniques to keep the oil moving at a maximum speed. For example, injecting water into the ground ( similar to fracking) to speed up the oil process but how much longer can that go on?

Cryogenic valves for NEGATIVE 380 F

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-04-10/pipeline-built-to-survive-extremes-can-t-bear-slow-flow-of-oil