Global Valve and Controls
9Aug/17Off

The truth about the O&G industry Blog

Everyone who works in the O&G industry all want to hear the same thing; that the industry is booming and this is where you want to be. Whether you are out in the field or in the office, working on land or offshore everyone is making money right? According to this article, millennials are a bit scared to work or have anything to do with the industry because their job might be dangerous, dirty or hard. "millennials think that the oil industry is only about making as much money as possible by pumping and selling as much oil as possible", even going as far as saying that the industry is "harming the environment irreparably in the process." The thing that I agree about this article is that it states, those people who think like that, do not look at the whole picture. They do not think about the, "thousands of everyday products are either entirely or partially derived from petroleum and natural gas." As far as going green, not everything can be made in a healthier, better way. For example, heart valves and synthetic fibers believe it or not are here today because of the oil and gas industry. I am pretty sure that one day someone will re invent those items without using oil or natural gas but that day has not come yet.

The number one thing that millennials are looking at when it comes to this industry is how to make it better. Technology is the key.  For example, "technological innovation aimed at enhancing production efficiency and lowering production costs will help make the environment a better place." The goal is to have more technology, simpler processes, and higher productivity because "the oil and gas industry’s road to internal sustainability runs parallel to environmental sustainability." With technology improving there is no doubt in my mind that millennials will think twice about the O&G industry and will want to work in the industry.

 

http://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-General/Dear-Millennials-Big-Oil-Is-Not-Your-Enemy.html

 

 

1Aug/17Off

Underwater pipeline

Do you know what the worlds longest gas pipeline  and how long it is? According to Google, "The Trans-Mediterranean (Transmed) is a 2,475km-long natural gas pipeline built to transport natural gas from Algeria to Italy via Tunisia and Sicily." While it is true, that is the worlds longest pipeline built on land, there is also a pipeline nicknamed Giant Serpent that lies underwater and is the worlds largest underwater gas pipeline. The name Giant Serpent actually comes from Norse mythology and is located on the Norwegian Continental Shelf. The pipeline is owned by ExxonMobil, Stat oil and Royal dutch shell. "The pipeline has a length of 1,166 km (745 miles) and delivers 26 billion cubic meters (900 billion cubic feet) of natural gas to the UK National Transmission System each year."

As you can imagine building the Giant Serpent was not an easy job and thank goodness for todays technology as it would have been impossible. A underwater machine was use to survey the bottom and engineers were able to print out a map to use. One of the challenges when it came to building the immense pipeline is that the sea bed was not flat but instead hilly and there were areas where it would drop down 3-4 miles which made water pressure a significant factor when it came to designing and building the pipeline. Another machine was used to move the seabed and make it more flat so that pipe can be laid down without causing destruction. "With an understanding of the features and hazards, design engineers went to work on plans to allow a 44 inch pipe, with 1" thick walls, to negotiate the terrain while minimizing impact on fisheries and ecosystems." The pipeline was built using 100,000 pipe sections, each coated in asphalt to reduce corrosion and a stability coating of concrete.

The Giant Serpent took 3 years to build starting in 2003 and ending in 2006. Since then, Norway and the UK have benefited tremendously from the natural gas pipeline.

World’s Longest Under Water Gas Pipeline, 1166km “Giant Serpent”

 

 

26Jun/17Off

The Petrochemical industry grows in the billions

We  try to go green as it's the new trend and every one is doing it right? But there are many tiny obstacles that stand in our way, sure using reusable bags is great but what about that shampoo you just bought in a plastic bottle or the water bottle that has the tiny cap? It's okay because the middle class is largely depending on plastics from those baby food pouches filled with fruits or vegetables to the bumper on your car. The petrochemical industry is booming and the results are huge! Just how huge? Think along the lines of $185 billion in upcoming projects alone for the petrochemical industry.

“Dow has completed $8 billion in new and expanded U.S. petrochemical facilities mostly along the Gulf of Mexico over the next year, part of the industry’s largest transformation in a generation.” The demand for transportation fuel is on the rise, even though people are now car pooling more and electric vehicles are an option; There is no shortage as the world’s appetite for plastics is expected to rise for decades to come.

“The new investment will establish the U.S. as a major exporter of plastic and reduce its trade deficit.” About 500,000 jobs will be added in the industry maybe less where automation is involved.  Many of the companies who are investing in Americas products made in the petrochemical industry are foreign. Exxon alone said, “It selected a site near Corpus Christi, Texas, for a $9.3 billion petrochemical complex it is building jointly with Saudi Basic Industries Corp.”

 

Automated Flanged Ball Valves for the Petrochemical industry

https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-shale-revolutions-staggering-impact-in-just-one-word-plastics-1498411792

29May/17Off

Working in the oil and gas industry

While its true the oil industry has its ups and downs it is also true that working in the oil and gas industry has its perks no matter what role you partake in. The world of oil and gas is all about tapping into the world’s resources, and there will always be a need for people to do this, whether it’s for sustainable energy or using the current methods. Technology is constantly expanding, so you’ll always be learning new things.

Working in the O&G industry is not all about lifting heavy machines, knowing how to use different types of machinery or even digging holes in the ground, well yes there are those types of jobs but if you are 8-5 Monday through Friday type of person, then there are tons of office jobs that will suit your needs. And those who are more interested in mixing chemicals and seeing their reactions, there are also lab jobs.

The O&G industry must always be on top of their game when it comes to technology so if you have those awesome computer skills jobs are always opening up in your field. With todays hacks it is very crucial for a company to stay on top of technology. For example, a pipeline company that has a pipeline that transports oil from one Point A to Point B  gets compromised, then its bad news for everyone not just the pipeline company.

Although tons of jobs require you to have a 3 year or more degree there are also tons of jobs that are looking for a person they can teach and grow within the company. For example, many on site jobs do not require a degree but someone with a willingness to learn.

Demand for oil is all over the globe, so there is always the job that requires a applicant to travel which could be a very interesting perk. Many employers provide excellent training for their staff because they want to keep their talent. A lot of employers will also offer other perks such as bonus schemes, good pension plans, private healthcare and dental care, childcare support and more. A good point to remember is that when you first start off you don’t have to go straight to the biggest company.  You can work your way up through smaller companies so you can gain the best experience possible. As the oil and gas sector starts to develop even more, these smaller companies will grow with the sector and be extremely valuable places to work.

Working with machinery dealing with various valves does take special skill and knowledge

https://engineering-jobs.theiet.org/article/8-reasons-why-you-should-work-in-the-oil-and-gas-sector/

11Apr/17Off

Life on an oilfield

The biggest reason why life on an oilfield is so attractive is because it pays very well. But what does that really mean? Sure it sounds like fun and payday can be rewarding but lets take a look at what makes life challenging working on one. Sometimes these oil field men will call these places, "Man Camps", as there are literally no women.

First, someone who works in the oilfield spends majority of their time there so many people live in small houses, or have room mates that share the space ideally.  However, many companies can not afford to house their workers in fancy homes. Some have to find their own housing and will stay in a horse trailer, an abandoned container, or even in the back of their pick up truck.  There is no such thing as arriving to work at 8am and leaving by 5pm. Working on the oilfield, means 90 hours plus rain or shine. Sometimes more, maybe less depending on what you are doing. But as every oil field veteran knows, there is a harsh tradeoff, beyond the grueling labor. Some men work hundreds of miles from their families, others live in primitive conditions or face the real risk of being maimed. Its basically a work, eat, sleep routine. When its time to go home, its just sleep time.

But the lure of big checks is still bringing waves of workers. In Dimmit County, population 10,000 before the boom, more than 1,000 oil field jobs were added in 2011. Around the 20 Eagle Ford Shale counties, at least 7,000 jobs have been added in two years.

The average for a truck driver in the oil field is about $25.00. Many non oil companies pay less, so the reward is definitely great for many of these men but sad for the wives and families back home. My wife doesn't like the hours, but she's happy for what I bring home. I expect to make over $100,000 this year. The oil field is a great place. 

A common stereotype that is often heard is that on their off time or break time you can these men siting, smoking or even drinking singing songs. Companies are now far more safety-conscious and less tolerant of misbehavior. Most do background checks, provide training and have zero tolerance for drug use or alcohol abuse. Still, some who have no education or degrees can make up to $160,000.00 per year. You can see how that is truly rewarding among many folks.

http://www.chron.com/business/article/High-paying-oil-field-jobs-come-at-a-price-3465378.php

Find all your flow control needs right here

3Apr/17Off

Pipeline valve gets vandalized

Damage to the Dakota Access Pipeline

There is so much controversy regarding the Dakota Access Pipeline, not just local but nationwide.  It has finally begun to have oil flow through few months ago. The pipeline is not 100% finished as it still has almost 5% of construction left just below Lake Oahe in North Dakota.  Every morning contractors inspect the pipeline to make sure all the valves are working properly, and to make sure there are no leaks. Recently, a hole burnt on the pipeline was found. The damage to the pipeline valve will cost roughly between $30,000.00 and $60,000.00.

It is very expensive to fix as the pipe itself is 30" thick. “They observed a small burnt hole in the pipeline,” says Chief Deputy Chad Brown. “At that time there was no oil or spilling coming out or anything like that.” Chief Deputy Brown says the hole is just below one of the curved parts of the pipeline, and it’s only about the size of a dime."

The damage is no accident. It is reported that this is the first time that a pipeline has been vandalized. The authorities in the area have started investigations as a few leads have come up, but currently there have been no arrests.

Fresh painted Thru Conduit Gate Valves

http://www.kdlt.com/2017/03/21/deputies-found-hole-oil-pipeline/

 

20Mar/17Off

The oil and gas sector is threatened by cyber attacks

Technology is growing fast and more threats toward oil and gas companies are being discovered. While the industry of cyber security grows, there are many people who are wondering if whether new technology is what is really needed. It is hard to say exactly how many threats companies face as many companies are not required to report it. In fact, the Power, Chemical and Nuclear industries must obey the cybersecurity laws but when it comes to the Oil and Gas sector, federal law does not impose such standards. Companies such as Exxon Mobil, ConocoPhillips, Phillips 66 and even Kinder Morgan are a few of the largest oil and gas companies who get cyber threats every day.

“Charles McConnell, at Rice University's Energy and Environment Initiative, said oil companies tend to rush to deploy new computer technologies that make operations more productive, but only afterward considering ways to defuse online threats.”

The problem is that the equipment that is being used currently was signed 10 years ago and the equipment was designed decades ago without security features. Efforts over the years to link computer networks to devices that monitor pressure or control valves have exposed operations to online threats. There are as many as thousands of sensors and controls in oil and gas facilities that reman open and vulnerable to cyber attacks.

There are steps that are put in place to help ward off hackers such as the Coast guard who has a joint partnership with the Houston police. The coast guards patrol the waters for unprotected wireless signals that hackers may use to access the facilities. The Gulf of Mexico has one of the largest concentrations of pipelines, refineries and chemical plants in the country that are being attacked on a daily basis.

 

http://www.voanews.com/a/hackers-drawn-to-energy-sectors-lack-of-sensors-controls/3751090.html

13Mar/17Off

A world without drilling

Are we ready to stop drilling?

What would happen if all the drilling for oil and gas stopped all over the world? Is that even possible? It is very hard to imagine as we have well over 700,000 oil wells! I found this fascinating as there is already a plan put in place in the UK, called NEST or National Employment Savings Trust, recently announced it was moving 10 percent of its investments toward firms that work to reduce climate change and create more environmentally-friendly methods of energy use. NEST will be focusing more on renewable energy such as solar and wind and less on extracting energy which is a sign of climate change. It sounds a bit dramatic to stop all the drilling all of a sudden but further research shows there might be something that both sides can agree on.

The method is to find a plan which is not as expensive and reduces pollution. Washington State University researchers recently published findings indicating they have found a better method of conducting a significant catalytic reaction frequently used in the oil and gas industries. If it’s widely adopted, the energy savings and reduced pollutants could be impressive. Their method is to place a small amount of carbon within the catalyst that breaks apart the carbon and hydrogen in methane. The increased amount causes the creation of nickel carbide. One of the researchers at WSU also noted that the current process is very wasteful and that converting methane without the burn that produces gas would benefit energy providers and the environment. A win-win for both sides!

It is very hard to tell if the new process will affect the global market and how it will affect as businesses have not yet started using this new method of extracting oil.

To read more information about this new method, please visit this website: http://www.theenergycollective.com/mnichols/2400104/new-research-help-save-oil-gas-money-environment

Valves such as our GVC BV6000 is a an example of a valve that can be used in oil wells for drilling. http://gvcintl.com/products_threaded_and_socket_weld_valves.html

 

 

16Feb/17Off

Information about the Dakota Access Pipeline

Dakota Access Pipeline facts

Who owns the pipeline? It is a joint venture between Energy Transfer Partners, Sunoco Logistics Partner and Philips 66, Enbridge and Marathon Petroleum.

What are some of the valves that the pipeline might use? Trunnion Ball Valves are the most popular, but Gate Valves, Globe Valves, Check Valves can also be found.

How much will the pipeline project cost? Roughly 4 billion dollars.

How much oil will the pipeline carry? 470,000 to 570,000.

What is the main purpose of this pipeline? It is very controversial but the main principle that has been recorded is that the pipeline will free up the rails which can carry more grains and consumer friendly goods.

Where is the pipeline located and where will it pass through? The pipeline route runs from the northwestern North Dakota Bakken and Three Forks sites. It starts in Stanley, North Dakota, and travels in a southeastward direction to end at the oil tank farm near Patoka, Illinois.

Is pipeline safer than rail? Although trains can get derailed, it is very rare. This perhaps will never get answered as pipelines too can have problems but as long as they are properly maintained the risk should be low.

Will the Dakota pipeline be the only one in the area? No, there are actually 7 other pipelines that are located near Lake Oahe.

Is the Dakota Access Pipeline near completion? Since President Trump has signed the papers regarding the pipeline, it should be completed sometime this year.

Global Valve Controls ANSI600 Expanding Gate Valves

Source: http://www.npr.org/2017/01/28/512096744/as-trump-reboots-pipeline-expansion-an-unexpected-delay-emerges

 

15Feb/17Off

Understanding Stainless Steel Ball Valves

Stainless steel ball valves are definitely one of the popular materials that many people buy. They are perfect for the food and beverage industry, agriculture as well as the pulp and paper industries. The reason behind this is because stainless steel does not corrode and when dealing with food which we consume you do not want your machines corroding. White it is true that stainless steel (SS) does not easily corrode or rust, it really depends on the oxygen level in atmosphere. For example, if it is a poor air circulation environment, depending on the grade of the SS valves the valves may or may not corrode. Therefore, it is always important when dealing in such circumstances to get a high grade type of SS valve.

The material stainless steel is not to be confused with carbon steel as carbon steel will rust at one point in its life. The difference between the two metals is the amount of chromium present. Stainless steel’s resistance to corrosion and staining, low maintenance, and familiar lustre make it an ideal material for many applications. The alloy is milled into coils, sheets, plates, bars, wire, and tubing to be used in cookwarecutleryhousehold hardwaresurgical instrumentsmajor appliancesThese are examples of a few items one may be familiar with.

It is very important to know which grade of SS you need for your application as stated above if the grade is low, it will not last or you will have problems later down the road. Therefore, always consult with the manufacturer before buying. Global Valve and Controls can provide you with 316SS, 317SS and 304SS just to name a few. There are many different grades and one may not know that 304 is not to be used in the presence of sulfuric acid.

GVC 4" #300 API 6D Valve, Stainless Steel Flanged Ball Valves

Source: Global Valve and Controls